Simon Matthew Graham

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Urbanization may increase the risk of human infection with intestinal helminths. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence, intensity and potential risk factors of acquiring such infection, among children aged 3-14 years in similar urban and rural communities in southern Malawi. Stool samples were collected from 553 children (273(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Bone is one of the most transplanted tissues worldwide. Autograft is the ideal bone graft but is not widely used because of donor site morbidity and restricted availability. Allograft is easily accessible but can transmit infections and elicit an immune response. AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW This review identifies all in vitro and(More)
BACKGROUND Statins are 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase inhibitors and have been shown to possess anti-lipidaemic properties effective in lowering cholesterol. Recent evidence has suggested beneficial pleiotropic effects, including that of fracture healing, alongside its widely accepted ability to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND beta-Adrenergic receptor antagonists (beta-blockers) have a well-recognised antihypertensive action that is mediated through a reduction in cardiac output and in the release of renin from the kidneys and inhibition of the action of endogenous catecholamines on beta-adrenergic receptors. This class of drugs has been shown to reduce the incidence(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been shown in vivo to increase bone formation and supplement fracture healing, and may have a role as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of bone loss and fracture healing in humans. OBJECTIVE A comprehensive review of the recent literature on the effect of PDGF on bone mineral density and fracture(More)
BACKGROUND Using agonists that selectively stimulate PGE2 receptors, the adverse effects that have limited the clinical utility of PGE2 can be avoided and there may be potential for their use as therapeutic agents in the treatment of bone loss in humans. OBJECTIVE A comprehensive review of the recent literature on the effect of prostaglandins and their(More)
The incidence of gram-negative bacterial haematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis (GNB HVO) is increasing. We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with this type of infection in an effort to gain an improved understanding of the current clinical presentation, management and outcome. Between May 2007 and May 2010, all patients, over the age of 18(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF) around a stable stem is increasing. The aim of this biomechanical study was to examine how three different methods of fixation, for Vancouver type B1 PFF, alter the stiffness and strain of a construct under various configurations, in order to gain a better insight into the optimal fixation(More)
INTRODUCTION Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells characterized by their ability to differentiate into adipocytes, chondrocytes, osteocytes and a number of other lineages. Investigation into their use has increased in recent years as characterization of their immunomodulatory properties has developed, and their role in the(More)
PURPOSE The overall incidence of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PPF) is between 0.1 and 6 % of all total hip arthroplasties. Locking compression plates (LCP) have been used for the treatment of Vancouver B1 PPFs with variable results. The aim of this study is to examine the literature on locking plate failure rates, mode and reasons for failure. (More)