Simon M. Jarvis

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Vitamin C is essential for many enzymatic reactions and also acts as a free radical scavenger. Specific non-overlapping transport proteins mediate the transport of the oxidized form of vitamin C, dehydroascorbic acid, and the reduced form, L-ascorbic acid, across biological membranes. Dehydroascorbic acid uptake is via the facilitated-diffusion glucose(More)
Adenosine influx by Trypanosoma brucei brucei P1 and P2 transporters was kinetically characterized. The P1 transporter displayed a higher affinity and capacity for adenosine (K(m) = 0.38 +/- 0.10 microM, V(max) = 2.8 +/- 0.4 pmol x 10(7) cells(-1) x s(-1)) than the P2 transporter (K(m) = 0.92 +/- 0.06 microM, V(max) = 1.12 +/- 0.08 4 pmol x 10(7) cells(-1)(More)
Purine uptake has been studied in many protozoan parasites in the last few years, and several of the purine transporters have been cloned. In contrast, very little is known about the salvage of preformed pyrimidines by protozoa, and no pyrimidine transporters have been cloned, yet chemotherapy based on pyrimidine nucleobases and nucleosides has been as(More)
1. The major toxicity associated with oral therapy with ribavirin is anaemia, which has been postulated to occur as a result of accumulation of ribavirin triphosphate interfering with erythrocyte respiration. The objective of this study was to determine the mechanism by which ribavirin enters into erythrocytes. 2. Entry into human erythrocytes was examined(More)
The mechanism and inhibitor sensitivity of hypoxanthine transport by bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei brucei was investigated. The dose response curve for the inhibition of hypoxanthine transport (1 microM) by guanosine was biphasic; approximately 90% of transport activity was inhibited with a Ki value of 10.8 +/- 1.8 microM, but 10% of the activity(More)
The presence of an uptake mechanism for uracil in procyclic forms of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei brucei was investigated. Uptake of [3H]uracil at 22 degrees C was rapid and saturable and appeared to be mediated by a single high-affinity transporter, designated U1, with an apparent Km of 0.46 +/- 0.09 microM and a Vmax of 0.65 +/- 0.08 pmol x(More)
The subcellular distributions of the mammalian passive glucose transporter isoforms GLUT1, GLUT3 and GLUT4, in the human placenta, were investigated using isoform-specific anti-peptide antibodies. On western blots of both basal and brush-border plasma membranes isolated from the syncytiotrophoblast, antibodies specific for GLUT1 labelled a broad band(More)
Saturation of the cell's protein folding capacity and accumulation of inactive incompletely folded protein often accompanying the overexpression of membrane proteins (MPs) presents an obstacle to their efficient purification in a functional form for structural studies. We present a novel strategy for optimization of functional MP expression in Saccharomyces(More)
Polyclonal antibodies raised against the human erythrocyte nucleoside transporter were used to investigate the distribution of the nucleoside transporters in the placenta. Immunoblots of brush-border membranes isolated from the human syncytiotrophoblast revealed a cross-reactive species that co-migrated with the erythrocyte nucleoside transporter as a broad(More)