Simon M. G. J. Daenen

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There is a distinct difference in prognosis between childhood versus adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). To define whether multidrug resistance (MDR) genes might contribute to this distinction, the expression and functional activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and MDR associated proteins (MRP) were determined with RT-PCR (MDR-1, MRP1, MRP2, MRP3) and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the feasibility of withholding antibiotics and early discharge for patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and fever at low risk of bacterial infection by a new risk assessment model. PATIENTS AND METHODS Outpatients with febrile neutropenia were allocated to one of three groups by a risk assessment model combining objective(More)
Cancer patients with febrile neutropenia after chemotherapy have a variable risk of bacterial infection. Especially Gram-negative bacteremia is associated with high mortality and/or morbidity. Early diagnosis of patients with Gram-negative bacteremia at the onset of febrile neutropenia is potentially useful in tailoring therapy. Prospective study at the(More)
OBJECTIVE Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are considered to display a quiescent state with low turnover rate. We investigated the cell-cycle kinetics of HSC after a single dose of cytarabine (Ara-C). MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed by flow cytometry the cell-cycle status of lin(low)sca-1(+)c-kit(+) (LSK) stem cells isolated from the bone marrow of(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment options in older acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients include intensive chemotherapy, best supportive care (BSC), and hypomethylating agents. Currently, limited data is available on hypomethylating agents in older AML patients in unselected patient populations. METHODS To compare the effectiveness of azacitidine with conventional(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitization of leukemic cells with hematopoietic growth factors may enhance the cytotoxicity of chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS In a multicenter randomized trial, we assigned patients (age range, 18 to 60 years) with newly diagnosed AML to receive cytarabine plus idarubicin (cycle 1) and cytarabine plus amsacrin (cycle(More)
New approaches and techniques for improving source material collection and Factor VIII production at Blood Bank level have been reported recently. Heparin has been shown to be of importance in increasing yields and stability of FVIII in the purification and concentration process. Work has been done to develop on a routine scale the heparin double cold(More)
PURPOSE Patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are treated with a variety of chemotherapeutic drugs, which can be transported by six multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRP). These MRPs have strongly overlapping functional activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression levels of MRP1 to MRP6 and study their effect on(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits the P-gp pump that can be responsible for failure of cytostatic treatment in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Eighty patients with relapsing/refractory AML were randomly assigned to mitoxantrone (M) and etoposide (VP) (MVP) in unmitigated antileukaemic doses with or without CsA, to investigate if toxicity was manageable and if(More)
PURPOSE Cloretazine (VNP40101M) is a sulfonylhydrazine alkylating agent with significant antileukemia activity. A multicenter phase II study of cloretazine was conducted in patients 60 years of age or older with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). PATIENTS AND METHODS Cloretazine 600 mg/m2 was(More)