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In primates, plasma testosterone concentrations are elevated for some 3 months from birth. The function of this rise is uncertain, but studies in rats suggest that its prevention by castration or administration of gonadotrophin hormone-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues has effects on development and expression of social and sexual behaviours, and adverse(More)
The possibility of stimulating or inhibiting paracrine factors regulating angiogenesis may lead to new approaches for the treatment of pathological conditions of the female reproductive tract. We examined the effects of a clinical candidate, a soluble truncated form of the Flt-1 receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor trap(A40) (VEGF trap), in a(More)
The rapid, controlled and cyclical nature of angiogenesis in the female reproductive tract suggests that interference with this process should provide a novel approach to manipulation of reproductive function. Many factors involved in the regulation of angiogenesis have been identified, and the possibility of stimulating or inhibiting these paracrine(More)
Plasma concentrations of progesterone, cortisol, LH and prolactin were measured in dominant and subordinate female marmosets in 10 well-established peer groups. Subordinate females never ovulated, had a reduced LH response to LH-RH and showed no positive feedback LH surge after oestrogen administration. There was no evidence of elevated plasma cortisol(More)
Manipulation of angiogenesis may have a profound effect on female reproductive function, but this has not yet been demonstrated by direct experiment in species with ovulatory cycles similar to those in women. To investigate whether angiogenesis could be inhibited in the primate corpus luteum, and the consequences of such inhibition on luteal function,(More)
In the human menstrual cycle, extensive angiogenesis accompanies luteinization; and the process is physiologically important for corpus luteum (CL) function. During luteolysis, the vasculature collapses, and the endothelial cells die. In a conceptual cycle, the CL persists both functionally and structurally beyond the luteoplacental shift. Although luteal(More)
A heterologous double-antibody radioimmunoassay was used to measure plasma prolactin concentrations in 27 marmosets. The assay was valid for the marmoset because plasma levels of prolactin were increased in response to TRH and metoclopramide and suppressed in response to bromocriptine treatment. During the cycle there were no consistent changes in plasma(More)
Morphological changes in the corpus luteum following natural and induced luteolysis in the marmoset were investigated by light and electron microscopy. Functional corpora lutea were studied in the mid and late luteal phase, naturally regressed corpora lutea in the early and late follicular phase, and corpora lutea induced to regress by administration of(More)
Luteinization is associated with endothelial cell proliferation as part of the extensive angiogenesis necessary to maintain corpus luteum function. However, following luteal demise, the vasculature regresses and the endothelial cells disappear. In the rat corpus luteum, the endothelial cells express high concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-binding(More)
There is increasing molecular evidence that apoptosis is involved in the process of structural luteal regression in non-primate species. Apoptosis is dependent upon the activation of certain proto-oncogenes and c-myc protein has an important regulatory role in this process in some cell types. The aim of the present study was to determine the occurrence and(More)