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Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are the most common glioma in children. Whereas many PAs are slow-growing or clinically indolent, others exhibit more aggressive features with tumor recurrence and death. To identify genetic signatures that might predict PA clinical behavior, we did gene expression profiling on 41 primary PAs arising sporadically and in patients(More)
Due to modern surgical and anesthesia techniques, many patients undergoing small or even medium surgical procedures will recover within minutes and can then be discharged after a few hours of monitoring. Aside from an optimized surgical technique, a precise and differentiated anesthesia concept is needed to guarantee rapid recovery and home readiness.(More)
PURPOSE Despite multimodal aggressive treatment glioblastoma patients still face a rather poor prognosis. Recent data indicate that certain molecular markers, in particular MGMT promoter hypermethylation, are associated with response to alkylating chemotherapy and longer survival. The clinical significance of other glioblastoma-associated molecular(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate toxicity and efficacy of the combination of lomustine, temozolomide (TMZ) and involved-field radiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM). PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-one adult patients (median Karnofsky performance score 90; median age, 51 years) accrued in two centers received involved-field radiotherapy (60 Gy in(More)
A survey of 1200 hospitals in Germany was undertaken to estimate the current standards of prevention and treatment of postoperative peritoneal adhesions. The 751 (62.2%) evaluated questionnaires showed a representative distribution according to postal zones and annual laparotomies. The rate of coeliotomies for adhesional bowel obstruction is 2.6%.(More)
Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are the most common glioma in children. Whereas many PAs are slow-growing or clinically indolent, others exhibit more aggressive features with tumor recurrence and death. To identify genetic signatures that might predict PA clinical behavior, we did gene expression profiling on 41 primary PAs arising sporadically and in patients(More)
Part 2 of this review on geriatric anesthesia primarily describes the multiple influences of age on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of different anesthetic agents and their impact on clinical practice. In the elderly the demand for opioids is reduced by almost 50% and with total intravenous anesthesia the dosages of propofol and remifentanil as(More)
Due to demographic changes in the population of industrial nations the number of elderly patients undergoing elective or emergency procedures will rise significantly in the coming years. Anesthesia for geriatric patients is challenging for the anesthesiologist in many ways: with increasing age numerous physiological changes occur which all lead to a(More)
Purpose: Despite multimodal aggressive treatment glioblastoma patients still face a rather poor prognosis. Recent data indicate that certain molecular markers, in particular MGMT promoter hypermethylation, are associated with response to alkylating chemo-therapy and longer survival. The clinical significance of other glioblastoma-associated molecular(More)
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