Simon Leslie Smith

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Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is followed by a period of profound immune deficiency, during which new T lymphocytes are generated from either stem cells or immature thymic progenitors. Interleukin-7 (IL-7) induces proliferation and differentiation of immature thymocytes. We examined whether the in vivo administration of IL-7 to mice receiving BMT would(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the fourth most frequent cause of cancer-related death. The incidence is increasing and the overall survival has altered little in recent years. Moreover, patients usually present late with inoperable disease and curative resection by standard pancreatico-duodenectomy (Whipple's procedure) is associated with significant(More)
The role of surgery in the morbidly obese is becoming more prominent. There are a variety of surgical approaches which can be used and radiology plays a crucial role in post operative follow up, particularly in the management of complications. Many general radiologists remain unfamiliar with both the normal and abnormal appearances after bariatric surgery(More)
AIM To analyse the technical success of ablation therapy and the incidence of complications in patients treated with pulmonary ablation and to assess factors affecting local disease control and patient survival in a subgroup with metastatic colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Technical success and complications in all patients undergoing lung(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is an important cytokine for B and T lymphocyte function and mediates its effects via a receptor that contains gammac. B cells derived from patients with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) are deficient in gammac and provide a useful model in which to dissect the role of this subunit in IL-4-mediated signaling. We found(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the preoperative computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with potentially operable pancreatic malignancy with findings at surgery. METHODS In a retrospective analysis, 140 consecutive patients with carcinoma of the pancreatic head were studied. All were imaged using a standardized multidetector CT (MDCT) protocol. Patients with(More)
X-SCID, the most common form of human SCID, is due to mutations in the common gamma chain gene (gamma-c) that encodes an essential component of the cytokine receptors for interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, and IL-15. Activation of the Janus family tyrosine kinases Jak1 and Jak3 is necessary for appropriate signalling through the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R).(More)
A variant of severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID) with a selective inability to produce CD8 single positive T cells and a signal transduction defect in peripheral CD4+ cells has recently been shown to be the result of mutations in the ZAP-70 gene. T cell receptor (TCR) signaling requires the association of the ZAP-70 protein tyrosine kinase with(More)
Engagement of the high-affinity IgG Fc receptor (Fc gamma RI) activates a signal transduction pathway involving tyrosine phosphorylation of associated kinases. We compared the activation of the related protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs), Syk and ZAP-70, in Fc gamma RI-mediated signaling. Cross-linking of the Fc gamma RI multimeric receptor in monocytic cells(More)
AIM Post-arthroplasty knee pain is common and clinically it can be difficult to identify those patients with complications requiring active treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of(99)Tc(m)-MDP bone scintigraphy. METHOD A retrospective study of all patients having a(99)Tc(m)-MDP bone scintigram for a painful knee arthroplasty(More)