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Dynorphin A (dynA) and related opioid peptides produce moderate analgesic effects with restricted types of pain stimuli that are often accompanied by a large variety of naloxone-insensitive biochemical and behavioural effects. In binding assays in vitro, dynA possesses a high affinity for mu-, delta- and kappa- opioid receptors with some selectivity for(More)
Scinderin, a novel Ca2+-activated actin filament-severing protein, has been purified to homogeneity from bovine adrenal medulla using a combination of several chromatographic procedures. The protein has an apparent mol. wt of 79,600 +/- 450 daltons, three isoforms (pIs 6.0, 6.1 and 6.2) and two Ca2+ binding sites (Kd 5.85 x 10(-7) M, Bmax 0.81 mol Ca2+/mol(More)
Dynorphin A-(1-13) and related peptide fragments were tested for their ability to modulate the binding of the competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, [3H]2-amino-4-propyl-5-phosphono-3-pentanoic acid ([3H]CGP-39653), to rat brain membranes. Dynorphin A-(1-13) produced a dose-dependent (1 nM to 10 microM) potentiation of [3H]CGP-39653 binding. The potentiation(More)
We develop an arbitrary-order primal method for diffusion problems on general polyhedral meshes. The degrees of freedom are scalar-valued polynomials of the same order at mesh elements and faces. The cornerstone of the method is a local (element-wise) discrete gradient reconstruction operator. The design of the method additionally hinges on a least-squares(More)
Dynorphin (Dyn) A and related opioid and nonopioid peptides were tested for their ability to produce motor effects in mice. Central (intracerebroventricular) administration of Dyn A in mice produced marked motor effects characterized by wild running, jumping, circling and/or barrel rolling with an ED50 value of 14.32 (95% confidence limits, 10.09-20.32)(More)
The avian eggshell cuticle is the waxy outermost layer of the mineralized eggshell in direct contact with the environment. In this study, lipophilic eggshell surface extracts from three domestic species were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity. Chicken and goose extracts demonstrated potent bactericidal activity against both Gram-positive and(More)
The antinociceptive effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of histogranin (HN) and related peptides were assessed in the mouse writhing and tail-flick assays. In the writhing test, the peptides displayed dose-dependent analgesic effects with an AD(50) of 23.9 nmol/mouse for HN and the following order for other peptides: HN-(7-15)<histone(More)
In normal adult rats anesthetized with urethane, intravenous injections of beta-endorphin (30--150 micrograms kg-1) induced a transient fall of blood pressure followed by a small hypertension and a prolonged hypotension. Prior administration of naloxone completely blocked these effects, whereas naloxone, given 1 hr after beta-endorphin, did not reverse the(More)
Immunoreactive dynorphin (ir-Dyn), immunoreactive leucine-enkephalin (ir-Leu-Enk) and various other neuropeptides were measured in acid extracts of bovine adrenal medulla and isolated adrenal chromaffin cells. Their respective levels ranged as follows: Leu-Enk greater than Dyn greater than bombesin greater than vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) greater(More)