Simon Lemaire

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Scinderin, a novel Ca2+-activated actin filament-severing protein, has been purified to homogeneity from bovine adrenal medulla using a combination of several chromatographic procedures. The protein has an apparent mol. wt of 79,600 +/- 450 daltons, three isoforms (pIs 6.0, 6.1 and 6.2) and two Ca2+ binding sites (Kd 5.85 x 10(-7) M, Bmax 0.81 mol Ca2+/mol(More)
Dynorphin (Dyn) A and related opioid and nonopioid peptides were tested for their ability to produce motor effects in mice. Central (intracerebroventricular) administration of Dyn A in mice produced marked motor effects characterized by wild running, jumping, circling and/or barrel rolling with an ED50 value of 14.32 (95% confidence limits, 10.09-20.32)(More)
Dynorphin A (dynA) and related opioid peptides produce moderate analgesic effects with restricted types of pain stimuli that are often accompanied by a large variety of naloxone-insensitive biochemical and behavioural effects. In binding assays in vitro, dynA possesses a high affinity for mu-, delta- and kappa- opioid receptors with some selectivity for(More)
Dynorphin A-(1-13) and related peptide fragments were tested for their ability to modulate the binding of the competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, [3H]2-amino-4-propyl-5-phosphono-3-pentanoic acid ([3H]CGP-39653), to rat brain membranes. Dynorphin A-(1-13) produced a dose-dependent (1 nM to 10 microM) potentiation of [3H]CGP-39653 binding. The potentiation(More)
Early studies in enzymatically isolated animal cardiomyocytes indicated the voltage-gated “L-type” Ca2+ currents (ICaL) can be upregulated following an increase of the frequency of activation. Recently, we evidenced a similar regulation of ICaL in human cardiomyocytes from both left and right ventricles and atria over a physiopathological range of(More)
The distribution of immunoreactive-dynorphin (ir-Dyn) in isolated subpopulations of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells was examined and compared with that of adrenaline (A), noradrenaline (NA) and ir-Leucine-Enkephalin (ir-Leu-Enk). Using a stepwise bovine serum albumin (BSA) gradient, various populations of catecholamine-storing cells were separated and(More)
The avian eggshell cuticle is the waxy outermost layer of the mineralized eggshell in direct contact with the environment. In this study, lipophilic eggshell surface extracts from three domestic species were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity. Chicken and goose extracts demonstrated potent bactericidal activity against both Gram-positive and(More)
We develop an arbitrary-order primal method for diffusion problems on general polyhedral meshes. The degrees of freedom are scalar-valued polynomials of the same order at mesh elements and faces. The cornerstone of the method is a local (element-wise) discrete gradient reconstruction operator. The design of the method additionally hinges on a least-squares(More)
Dynorphin-(1-13) (Dyn-(1-13] and its analogs substituted by single introduction of Ala in positions 1-11 were synthesized by the solid-phase method and purified by high pressure liquid chromatography. Relative potencies of the synthetic compounds were determined by their ability to inhibit electrically-evoked contractions of the guinea pig ileum (GPI) and(More)
PURPOSE The outcome of ultrashort pulse laser surgery of the cornea is strongly influenced by the light scattering properties of the tissue, for which little data are available. The purpose of the present study is to provide quantitative values for light scattering and its relation to the degree of edema. METHODS An experimental optical measuring setup(More)