Simon Leigh-Smith

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Diarrhoea is the most common illness affecting travellers to developing countries. Our study was designed to compare the efficacy of a single 500 mg dose of ciprofloxacin with placebo for treatment of acute diarrhoea in travellers. British troops who were within their first 8 weeks of deployment in Belize and who presented within 24 h of the onset of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the reported clinical presentation of tension pneumothorax differs between patients who are breathing unassisted versus receiving assisted ventilation. BACKGROUND Animal studies suggest that the pathophysiology and physical signs of tension pneumothorax differ by subject ventilatory status. METHODS We searched electronic(More)
Aorto caval fistula is one of the less well recognised complications of abdominal aortic aneurysm seen in accident and emergency departments. It presents in a number of different ways the commonest of which is high output congestive cardiac failure with warm peripheries. Initial diagnosis is based on the index of suspicion of the clinician. However, early(More)
A case is presented of unilateral tension pneumothorax in an awake patient who was seen in prehospital care after a significant fall. Because of extrication difficulties it was 40 minutes after the accident when he was first seen and by this stage the tension pneumothorax was well developed. Many features that are taught as "classic" of tension pneumothorax(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether using a camping stove to bring a pan of ice to boiling point produces higher carbon monoxide (CO) concentration than would bringing a pan of water to boiling point. The hypothesis was that ice would cause greater CO concentration because of its greater flame-cooling effect and, consequently, more incomplete combustion. (More)
BACKGROUND Although health care providers utilize classically described signs and symptoms to diagnose tension pneumothorax, available literature sources differ in their descriptions of its clinical manifestations. Moreover, while the clinical manifestations of tension pneumothorax have been suggested to differ among subjects of varying respiratory status,(More)
The recently published correspondence by Simpson is welcomed in so far as it correctly highlights some issues concerning tension pneumothorax. We agree that there are large differences in the pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of spontaneously breathing and mechanically ventilated patients presenting with a tension pneumothorax. It is also well(More)