Simon L. Newman

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We have identified a novel transcription unit of 105 kilobases (called the Golli-mbp gene) that encompasses the mouse myelin basic protein (MBP) gene. Three unique exons within this gene are alternatively spliced into MBP exons and introns to produce a family of MBP gene-related mRNAs that are under individual developmental regulation. These mRNAs are(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) kill Cryptococcus neoformans (Cn) by oxidative mechanisms, but the roles of various reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) are not known. We used a mannitol low-producing Cn mutant (Cn MLP) and its wild-type parent (Cn H99) to examine the role of ROIs distal to H2O2 in PMN killing and to determine whether mannitol produced(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a condition in which the protein folding capacity of the ER becomes overwhelmed by an increased demand for secretion or by exposure to compounds that disrupt ER homeostasis. In yeast and other fungi, the accumulation of unfolded proteins is detected by the ER-transmembrane sensor IreA/Ire1, which responds by cleaving an(More)
The binding of the iC3b receptor (CR3) to unopsonized zymosan was shown to result from CR3 attachment to cell wall beta-glucans. A specificity of neutrophil responses for beta-glucan was first suggested by a comparison of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cell wall components for stimulation of a neutrophil superoxide burst. Neutrophils responded poorly to(More)
Histoplasma capsulatum (Hc), is a facultative intracellular fungus that binds to CD11/CD18 receptors on macrophages (Mphi). To identify the ligand(s) on Hc yeasts that is recognized by Mphi, purified human complement receptor type 3 (CR3, CD11b/CD18) was used to probe a Far Western blot of a detergent extract of Hc cell wall and cell membrane. CR3(More)
An in vitro system to investigate the ability of macrophages to recognize and ingest senescent polymorphonuclear neutrophils has been used that uses chromium-labeled neutrophils and staining for myeloperoxidase (MPO). Human monocyte-derived macrophages obtained from in vitro cultures were able to recognize "aged" but not freshly isolated 51Cr-labeled human(More)
Candida albicans is a component of the normal flora of the alimentary tract and also is found on the mucocutaneous membranes of the healthy host. Candida is the leading cause of invasive fungal disease in premature infants, diabetics, and surgical patients, and of oropharyngeal disease in AIDS patients. As the induction of cell-mediated immunity to Candida(More)
Histoplasma capsulatum (Hc) maintains a phagosomal pH of about 6.5. This strategy allows Hc to obtain iron from transferrin, and minimize the activity of macrophage (Mo) lysosomal hydrolases. To determine the mechanism of pH regulation, we evaluated the function of the vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) in RAW264.7 Mo infected with Hc yeast or the nonpathogenic(More)
We investigated the requirement for cellular cytoskeleton in CR- and FcR-mediated phagocytosis by human monocyte-derived macrophages (M phi). Inhibition of actin microfilament (MF) assembly and stability by cytochalasins B and D completely inhibited M phi phagocytosis of sheep E coated with C3b (EC3b), iC3b (EC3bi), and IgG (EIgG) via CR1, CR3, and FcR,(More)