Simon L Bullock

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Heparan sulfate proteoglycans have been implicated in the presentation of a number of secreted signaling molecules to their signal-transducing receptors. We have characterized a gene trap mutation in the gene encoding a heparan sulfate biosynthetic enzyme, heparan sulfate 2-sulfotransferase (HS2ST). Transgenic mice were generated from embryonic stem cells(More)
The type II clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) system has emerged recently as a powerful method to manipulate the genomes of various organisms. Here, we report a toolbox for high-efficiency genome engineering of Drosophila melanogaster consisting of transgenic Cas9 lines and versatile guide RNA (gRNA)(More)
Subcellular localization of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) can give precise control over where protein products are synthesized and operate. However, just 10 years ago many in the broader cell biology community would have considered this a specialized mechanism restricted to a very small fraction of transcripts. Since then, it has become clear that subcellular(More)
Ethyl acetate appears to be a satisfactory subsitute solvent for diethyl ether in the Formalin-ether sedimentation technique. In comparative studies, concentration of organisms with ethyl acetate was equal to or greater than that with diethyl ether. No distortion or alteration of morphology was observed with eigher solvent, and preparations were comparable(More)
Cytoplasmic dynein is an approximately 1.4 MDa multi-protein complex that transports many cellular cargoes towards the minus ends of microtubules. Several in vitro studies of mammalian dynein have suggested that individual motors are not robustly processive, raising questions about how dynein-associated cargoes can move over long distances in cells. Here,(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) is a co-receptor for a number of growth factors, morphogens, and adhesion proteins. HS biosynthetic modifications may determine the strength and outcome of HS-ligand interactions. We previously described the phenotype of mice with a gene-trap mutation in Hs2st, encoding the key HS 2-O-sulfotransferase enzyme in HS polymer modification.(More)
During asymmetric cytoplasmic mRNA transport, cis-acting localization signals are widely assumed to tether a specific subset of transcripts to motor complexes that have intrinsic directionality. Here we provide evidence that mRNA transcripts control their sorting by regulating the relative activities of opposing motors on microtubules. We show in Drosophila(More)
Cytoplasmic sorting of mRNAs by microtubule-based transport is widespread, yet very little is known at the molecular level about how specific transcripts are linked to motor complexes. In Drosophila, minus-end-directed transport of developmentally important transcripts by the dynein motor is mediated by seemingly divergent mRNA elements. Here we provide(More)
In a gene trap screen we recovered a mouse mutant line in which an insertion generated a null allele of the Brd4 gene. Brd4 belongs to the Fsh/Brd family, a group of structurally related proteins characterized by the association of two bromodomains and one extraterminal domain. Members of this family include Brd2/Ring3/Fsrg1 in mammals, fs(1)h in(More)
Microtubule-based mRNA transport is widely used to restrict protein expression to specific regions in the cell and has important roles in defining cell polarity and axis determination as well as in neuronal function. However, the structural basis of recognition of cis-acting mRNA localization signals by motor complexes is poorly understood. We have used NMR(More)