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OBJECT Sodium accumulation is involved in neuronal injury occurring in multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to assess sodium accumulation in progressive MS, known to suffer from severe neuronal injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS 3D-(23)Na-MRI was obtained on a 3T-MR-scanner in 20 progressive MS patients [11 primary-progressive (PPMS) and nine(More)
PURPOSE To quantify brain sodium accumulations and characterize for the first time the spatial location of sodium abnormalities at different stages of relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) by using sodium 23 ((23)Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the local committee on ethics, and written(More)
Sodium magnetic resonance imaging ((23)Na MRI) is a unique and non-invasive imaging technique which provides important information on cellular level about the tissue of the human body. Several applications for (23)Na MRI were investigated with regard to the examination of the tissue viability and functionality for example in the brain, the heart or the(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT 1H magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine can rule out common causes of low back pain (LBP), such as disc protrusions or nerve root compression; however, no significant causal relation exists between morphology and the extent of symptoms. Functional MRI techniques, such as 23Na, may provide additional information, allowing indirect(More)
In this review article, techniques for sodium ((23)Na) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are presented. These techniques can also be used to image other nuclei with short relaxation times (e.g., (39)K, (35)Cl, (17)O). Twisted projection imaging, density-adapted 3D projection reconstruction, and 3D cones are preferred because of uniform k-space sampling and(More)
Sampling density-weighted apodization projection reconstruction sequences are evaluated for three-dimensional radial imaging. The readout gradients of the sampling density-weighted apodization sequence are designed such that the locally averaged sampling density matches a Hamming filter function. This technique is compared with density-adapted projection(More)
PURPOSE 23Na-MRI has been proposed as a potential imaging biomarker for the assessment of tumor viability and the evaluation of therapy response but has not yet been evaluated in patients with lung cancer. We aimed to assess the feasibility of 23Na-MRI in patients with lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three patients with stage IV adenocarcinoma of the(More)
BACKGROUND Established imaging methods are still not confident in the determination of stroke onset. Sodium imaging in animal models and lately in humans implicates that the sodium signal intensity within the ischemic lesion increases in a time-dependent fashion. Sodium imaging usually requires a time-consuming change of resonators or magnetic resonance(More)
Conventional 2D radial projections suffer from losses in signal-to-noise ratio efficiency because of the nonuniform k-space sampling. In this study, a 2D projection reconstruction method with variable gradient amplitudes is presented to cover the k-space uniformly. The gradient is designed to keep the average sampling density constant. By this,(More)
PURPOSE To estimate changes in the (23)Na density and in the (23)Na relaxation time T(2) * in the anatomically small murine brain after stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three-dimensional acquisition weighted chemical shift imaging at a resolution of 0.6 × 0.6 × 1.2 mm(3) was used for sodium imaging and relaxation parameter mapping. In vivo measurements of(More)