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AIMS The long-term failure of autologous saphenous vein bypass grafts due to neointimal thickening is a major clinical burden. Identifying novel strategies to prevent neointimal thickening is important. Thus, this study aimed to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) that are dysregulated during neointimal formation and determine their pathophysiological relevance(More)
OBJECTIVES Relaxation of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) requires re-uptake of cytosolic Ca(2+) into the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) via the Sarco/Endoplasmic Reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA), or extrusion via the Plasma Membrane Ca(2+) ATPase (PMCA) or sodium Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX). Peroxynitrite, a reactive species formed in vascular inflammatory diseases,(More)
All animal procedures were performed in accordance with UK Home Office Guidance on the operation of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 and institutional ethical approval (PPL60/4114 and PPL 60/4429). Male white Landrace pigs (SAC Commercial Ltd, Edinburgh, UK) and miR-21 knockout mice (1) were maintained on a 12 hour light/dark cycle with free(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of stent-based delivery of succinobucol alone and in combination with rapamycin in a porcine coronary model. BACKGROUND Current drugs and polymers used to coat coronary stents remain suboptimal in terms of long term efficacy and safety. Succinobucol is a novel derivative of probucol with improved(More)
The oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is thought to contribute to atherogenesis, which is an inflammatory disease involving activation of phagocytic cells. Myeloperoxidase, an enzyme which is able to produce hypochlorous acid (HOCl), is released from these phagocytic cells, and has been found in an active form in atherosclerotic plaques. HOCl can(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on platelet function in coronary heart disease (CHD) is complex and poorly defined. Platelet aggregation studies in healthy volunteers have demonstrated contrasting results when platelets are exposed to ROS. We investigated the effect of ROS on whole blood aggregation (WBA) and the endothelial(More)
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OBJECTIVE The balance between coronary endothelial dysfunction and repair is influenced by many protective and deleterious factors circulating in the blood. We studied the relationship between oxidised low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and coronary endothelial function in patients with stable coronary heart(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the expression of sphingosine kinase 1, the enzyme that catalyses formation of the bioactive lipid, sphingosine 1-phosphate, is increased in lungs from patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. In addition, Sk1(-/-) mice are protected from hypoxic-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension. Therefore, we assessed the(More)