Simon K. Jackson

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Oxygen free radicals are highly reactive species that are produced in increased quantities during strenuous exercise and can damage critical biological targets such as membrane phospholipids. The present study examined the effect of acute ascorbic acid supplementation on exercise-induced free radical production in healthy subjects. Results demonstrate(More)
Although many aspects of firefly bioluminescence are understood, the mechanism by which adult fireflies produce light as discrete rapid flashes is not. Here we examine the most postulated theory, that flashing is controlled by gating oxygen access to the light-emitting cells (photocytes). According to this theory, the dark state represents repression of(More)
Sepsis, an overwhelming inflammatory response to infection, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and has no specific therapy. Phospholipid metabolites, such as lysophospholipids, have been shown to regulate inflammatory responses in sepsis, although their mechanism of action is not well understood. The phospholipid-metabolizing enzymes,(More)
Free radicals or oxidants are continuously produced in the body as a consequence of normal energy metabolism. The concentration of free radicals, together with lipid peroxidation, increases in some tissues as a physiological response to exercise – they have also been implicated in a variety of pathologies. The biochemical measurement of free radicals has(More)
Post-prandial lipaemia (PPL) is a factor in atherogenesis and results in reversible endothelial dysfunction in healthy individuals. Oxidative stress and triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins have been implicated. Type 2 diabetes (NIDDM) results in exaggerated PPL. We attempted to delineate the mechanisms of PPL induced, endothelial dysfunction (EF) and(More)
OBJECTIVES First, we sought to study the effects of short- and long-term vitamin C therapy on oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in chronic heart failure (CHF), and second, we sought to investigate the role of neutrophils as a cause of oxidative stress in CHF. BACKGROUND Oxidative stress may contribute to endothelial dysfunction in CHF. Vitamin(More)
OBJECTIVES Controversy persists with regard to the atherogenic risk associated with adult growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Endothelial dysfunction and enhanced oxidative stress are early features of atherogenesis. Therefore, we have studied the effect of three months of low dose GH replacement therapy (0.03IU/kg/day) on these parameters in GHD adults. (More)
Endogenous reductants such as hydrogen sulfide and alkylthiols provided free radical scavenging systems during the early evolution of life. The development of oxygenic photosynthesis spectacularly increased oxygen levels, and ancient life forms were obliged to develop additional antioxidative systems. We develop here the hypothesis of how ``prototypical''(More)
The present study determined if acute exercise increased free radical formation in human skeletal muscle. Vastus lateralis biopsies were obtained in a randomized balanced order from six males at rest and following single-leg knee extensor exercise performed for 2 min at 50% of maximal work rate (WR(MAX)) and 3 min at 100% WR(MAX). EPR spectroscopy revealed(More)
A water-based carbon screen-printing ink formulation, containing the redox mediator cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPC) and the enzyme glucose oxidase (GOx), was investigated for its suitability to fabricate glucose microbiosensors in a 96-well microplate format: (1) the biosensor ink was dip-coated onto a platinum (Pt) wire electrode, leading to satisfactory(More)