Simon J. Slater

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Evidence is emerging that resveratrol (RV), a polyphenolic phytoaxelin present in dietary sources including red wine, may protect against atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease by enhancing the integrity of the endothelium. In this study, the possibility that such beneficial effects of RV may arise from a modulation of protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated(More)
Angiogenesis depends on proper collagen biosynthesis and cross-linking, and type I collagen is an ideal angiogenic scaffold, although its mechanism is unknown. We examined angiogenesis using an assay wherein confluent monolayers of human umbilical vein endothelial cells were overlain with collagen in a serum-free defined medium. Small spaces formed in the(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in the control of many key signaling pathways in cells. Investigations over the past decade have shown that many effects of ethanol on cell function are closely interconnected with PKC. Three distinct areas of investigation have emerged; they are reviewed in this article. In vitro studies show that ethanol and higher(More)
Despite almost a century of research, the mechanism of anaesthesia remains obscure and there is still no agreement on the location of the site(s) of action. Because the potencies of general anaesthetics increase in proportion to their solubility in olive oil, this led to a consensus that the site is within the cell membrane. This led to theories that lipid(More)
In an in vivo search of novel partners for perlecan, a major heparan sulfate proteoglycan of basement membranes and cell surfaces, we identified progranulin, a secreted growth factor, as a strong interacting protein. Unambiguous interaction, first observed with the yeast two-hybrid system, was corroborated by co-immunoprecipitation studies using cell-free(More)
Evidence is provided for direct protein-protein interactions between protein kinase C (PKC) alpha, betaI, betaII, gamma, delta, epsilon, and zeta and members of the Rho family of small GTPases. Previous investigations, based on the immunoprecipitation approach, have provided evidence consistent with a direct interaction, but this remained to be proven. In(More)
The effect of variation of the degree ofcis-unsaturation on cell membrane protein functioning was investigated using a model lipid bilayer system and protein kinase C (PKC). This protein is a key element of signal transduction. Furthermore it is representative of a class of extrinsic membrane proteins that show lipid dependent interactions with cell(More)
Previous studies have shown that n-alkanols have biphasic chain length-dependent effects on protein kinase C (PKC) activity induced by association with membranes or with filamentous actin [Slater, S. J., et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 6167-6173; Slater, S. J., et al. (2001) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1544, 207-216]. Recently, we showed that PKCalpha is also(More)
Alcohols regulate the expression and function of PKC (protein kinase C), and it has been proposed that an alcohol-binding site is present in PKC alpha in its C1 domain, which consists of two cysteine-rich subdomains, C1A and C1B. A PKC epsilon-knockout mouse showed a significant decrease in alcohol consumption compared with the wild-type. The aim of the(More)