Learn More
The above article has been republished online in order to correct errors in three of the tables. In table 3, part of the haemodynamic criteria for post-capillary PH was incorrected presented as " PAWP ⩽15 mmHg " , and should have been presented as " PAWP >15 mmHg ". The value for cardiac index specified in table 32 should have been <2.5 L/min/m 2 and not(More)
INTRODUCTION A joint Task Force of the ESC and of the ERS has developed guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH) to provide updated information on the management of patients with this condition. STATE OF THE ART The term pulmonary hypertension (PH) describes a group of devastating and life-limiting diseases, defined by mean(More)
UNLABELLED Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disease with a poor prognosis. Identifying chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease as a cause of PH has major clinical implications as these patients could be potentially offered a surgical cure. Ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scintigraphy has a high sensitivity to detect embolic disease but its value(More)
RATIONALE The bone morphogenetic receptor type II gene is the major genetic determinant for the inherited form of pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, deleterious mutations of this gene are not observed in the majority of subjects who develop the condition spontaneously and familial disease displays age- and sex-dependent penetrance, indicating the(More)
Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) from forearm muscles were recorded in response to single-shock electrical stimulation of motor cortex of rats (n = 15) under pentobarbital anesthesia and controlled room air ventilation. In addition, electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded for all animals. Following baseline MEP recording in room air (21% O2), animals were(More)
An extensive review of published articles on the subject of endoscopic carpal tunnel release surgery is presented, encompassing six endoscopic techniques used to treat carpal tunnel syndrome. Since the first report in 1987, 7091 patients have undergone 8068 operations. The overall success rate has been 96.52%, with a complication rate of 2.67% and a failure(More)
Spasmodic dysphonia is a focal laryngeal dystonia. Laryngeal dystonia presents as: adductor spasmodic dysphonia with the characteristic strain-strangle voice; abductor spasmodic dysphonia with hypophonia and breathy breaks in connected speech; and adductor respiratory dystonia with paradoxical vocal fold motion and intermittent stridor. Current treatment(More)
Cortical somatosensory evoked potential (CSEP), spinal somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP), and electroencephalogram were recorded in rats under pentobarbital anesthesia. After baseline recordings in room air (21% O2), animals were subjected to a graded hypoxia at 15.75%, 10.5%, and 5.25% oxygen levels for 10 minutes. Each level of hypoxia was followed by(More)
The content of these European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) Guidelines has been published for personal and educational use only. No commercial use is authorized. No part of the ESC/ERS Guidelines may be translated or reproduced in any form without written permission from the ESC and/or ERS. Permission can be obtained(More)