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The function of the profuse descending innervation from the auditory cortex is largely unknown; however, recent studies have demonstrated that focal stimulation of auditory cortex effects frequency tuning curves, duration tuning, and other auditory parameters in the inferior colliculus. Here we demonstrate that, in an anesthetized guinea pig, nonfocal(More)
Reversible inactivation of the cortex by surface cooling is a powerful method for studying the function of a particular area. Implanted cooling cryoloops have been used to study the role of individual cortical areas in auditory processing of awake-behaving cats. Cryoloops have also been used in rodents for reversible inactivation of the cortex, but recently(More)
The separation of concurrently presented sounds into distinct auditory objects is accompanied by the elicitation of the object-related negativity (ORN) component of the event-related potential (ERP). In the present study, participants were exposed to tone sequences containing not only concurrent (harmonicity), but also sequential cues (similarity to(More)
BACKGROUND Lateral maternal tilt reduces aortocaval compression and the consequent cardiovascular instability. METHODS We measured the angle of table tilt used by 16 anaesthetists during uncomplicated, elective Caesarean section. After initiating anaesthesia, they were asked to position the patient and estimate the angle of tilt, which was then measured.(More)
We report on graphene-based Josephson junctions with contacts made from lead. The high transition temperature of this superconductor allows us to observe the supercurrent branch at temperatures up to ∼2 K, at which point we can detect a small, but nonzero, resistance. We attribute this resistance to the phase diffusion mechanism, which has not been yet(More)
We report on the design and the collection of a multi-modal data corpus for cognitive acoustic scene analysis. Sounds are generated by stationary and moving sources (people), that is by omni-directional speakers mounted on people's heads. One or two subjects walk along predetermined systematic and random paths, in synchrony and out of sync. Sound is(More)
The function of the profuse descending innervation from the auditory cortex is largely unknown; however recent studies have demonstrated that focal stimulation of auditory cortex effects frequency tuning curves, duration tuning and other auditory parameters in the inferior colliculus. Here we demonstrate that, in an anesthetized guinea pig, non-focal(More)
Objectives: To determine whether the process responsible for the mismatch negativity (MMN) might be involved in the analysis of temporal sound patterns for information. Methods: Synthesized musical instrument tones of 'clarinet' timbre were delivered in a continuous sequence at 16 tones/s, such that there was virtually no N1 potential to each individual(More)
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