Simon J. Hardwick

Learn More
In order to study oxidative stress in the lung, we have developed a rat lung slice model with compromised oxidative defences. Lung slices with markedly inhibited glutathione reductase activity (approximately 80% inhibition) were prepared by incubating slices, with 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) (100 microM) in an amino acid-rich medium for 45(More)
We have investigated the influence of the elevation of pulmonary glutathione (GSH) levels on the toxicity of the rodenticide alpha-naphthylthiourea (ANTU) to rat lung. Administration of phorone (diisopropylidene acetone; 200 mg/kg i.p.) caused an initial depletion of both pulmonary and hepatic GSH followed after 48 hr by a marked elevation in both tissues,(More)
We have investigated the potential of adenosine uptake as a marker of chemically induced, cell-selective pulmonary injury using cell-selective toxicants. The administration of alpha-naphthylthiourea (ANTU), an agent which is known to damage the pulmonary endothelium, diminished spermidine and adenosine accumulation. In contrast, paraquat (a toxicant that(More)
Paracetamol is cytotoxic to hamster isolated hepatocytes by a mechanism that does not involve an early increase in [Ca2+]i. Although an increase in [Ca2+]i does occur, it accompanies rather than precedes, loss of viability. Studies with the ionophore, 4-bromo-A23187, suggest that although sustained elevations of [Ca2+]i per se can initiate cell death, this(More)
Elevation of cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i) has been reported to induce apoptosis in a number of cell types. However, in the neutrophil, which undergoes apoptosis constitutively during aging in vitro, activation by inflammatory mediators elevates [Ca2+]i and prolongs lifespan via inhibition of apoptosis. To examine this paradox, we investigated the effects of(More)
In order to facilitate the study of oxidative stress in lung tissue, rat lung slices with impaired antioxidant defenses were prepared and used. Incubation of lung slices with the antineoplastic agent 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) (100 microM) in an amino acid-rich medium for 45 min produced a near-maximal (approximately 85%), irreversible(More)
  • 1