Simon J. Goodman

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Microsatellites have rapidly become the marker of choice for a wide variety of population genetic studies. Here we describe 20 pinniped microsatellite markers which have been tested across 18 pinniped species. The majority of these markers have broad utility in all pinnipeds and provide a strong base for detailed population genetic studies in the Pinnipedia.
We present new and revised data for the phocine distemper virus (PDV) epidemics that resulted in the deaths of more than 23 000 harbour seals Phoca vitulina in 1988 and 30,000 in 2002. On both occasions the epidemics started at the Danish island of Anholt in central Kattegat, and subsequently spread to adjacent colonies in a stepwise fashion. However, this(More)
This paper presents the first evaluation of the molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Peru. We characterised 323 isolates using spoligotyping and mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units variable number tandem repeats (MIRU-VNTR) typing. We aimed to determine the levels of genetic diversity and genetic differentiation among and within(More)
Emerging infectious diseases constitute some of the most pressing problems for both human and domestic animal health, and biodiversity conservation. Currently it is not clear whether the removal of past constraints on geographical distribution and transmission possibilities for pathogens alone are sufficient to give rise to novel host-pathogen combinations,(More)
This study characterises the expressed MHC class II DRB gene and its genetic variation in exon 2 among 59 Alpine chamois (Rupicapra r. rupicapra) from several locations in the Eastern Alps plus one population in the Western Alps. The expressed DRB gene contains all the expected characteristics including all of the conserved residues found in other mammalian(More)
Emerging infectious diseases are a key threat to conservation and public health, yet predicting and preventing their emergence is notoriously difficult. We devised a predictive model for the introduction of a zoonotic vector-borne pathogen by considering each of the pathways by which it may be introduced to a new area and comparing the relative risk of each(More)
Wildlife on isolated oceanic islands is highly susceptible to the introduction of pathogens. The recent establishment in the Galápagos Islands of the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus, a vector for diseases such as avian malaria and West Nile fever, is considered a serious risk factor for the archipelago's endemic fauna. Here we present evidence from the(More)
1. Hybridisation with an invasive species has the potential to alter the phenotype and hence the ecology of a native counterpart. 2. Here data from populations of native red deer Cervus elaphus and invasive sika deer Cervus nippon in Scotland is used to assess the extent to which hybridisation between them is causing phenotypic change. This is done by(More)
Background: The translocation of plants or animals between populations has been used in conservation to reinforce populations of threatened species, and may be used in the future to buffer species’ ranges from the anticipated effects of environmental change. This population admixture can result in outbreeding, and the resulting “hybrid” offspring can be(More)
The evolution of paramyxoviruses is still poorly understood since past phylogenetic studies have revealed conflicting evolutionary signals among genes, and used varying methods and datasets. Using Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of full length single and concatenated sequences for the 6 genes shared among paramyxovirus genera, we reassess the ambiguous(More)