Simon J. Gibbons

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Populations of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are altered in several gastrointestinal neuromuscular disorders. ICC are identified typically by ultrastructure and expression of Kit (CD117), a protein that is also expressed on mast cells. No other molecular marker currently exists to independently identify ICC. The expression of ANO1 (DOG1, TMEM16A), a(More)
Cerebellar Purkinje cells are selectively vulnerable to ischemia, although the reasons for this are unknown. In cultured embryonic rat cerebellar neurons, the steady state responses to the desensitizing agonist AMPA relative to responses to the nondesensitizing agonist kainate were greater in Purkinje cells compared to other cells, as measured by whole cell(More)
We have examined the effects of the muscarinic agonists, carbachol (CCh) and oxotremorine (Oxo), on the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in acutely dissociated sympathetic neurons from adult rats using fura 2-based microfluorometry. The drugs increased [Ca2+]i by 86 +/- 7 and 38 +/- 10 nM for CCh and Oxo, respectively (both 10 microM). Basal(More)
The effect of age on the anatomy and function of the human colon is incompletely understood. The prevalence of disorders in adults such as constipation increase with age but it is unclear if this is due to confounding factors or age-related structural defects. The aim of this study was to determine number and subtypes of enteric neurons and neuronal volumes(More)
Trans-synaptic regulation of muscarinic, peptidergic, and purinergic responses after denervation has been reported previously in rat parotid acinar cells (McMillian, M. K., Soltoff, S. P., Cantley, L. C., Rudel, R., and Talamo, B. R. (1993) Br. J. Pharmacol. 108, 453-461). Characteristics of the ATP-mediated responses and the effects of parasympathetic(More)
Gastroenteropathy manifesting in upper gastrointestinal symptoms, delayed gastric emptying, constipation, diarrhea and fecal incontinence occurs frequently in patients with diabetes mellitus and represents a significant health care burden. Current treatments are largely symptomatic and ineffective. Better understanding of the cellular and molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence suggests that "fibroblast-like cells" (FLC) may play a role in the regulation of gastrointestinal (GI) motor function. FLC are ultrastructurally distinct from other interstitial cells, including interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), and express small-conductance Ca(2+) -activated K(+) channels (SK3). In mice, platelet-derived(More)
The effects of ATP on salivary glands have been recognized since 1982. Functional and pharmacological studies of the P2 nucleotide receptors that mediate the effects of ATP and other extracellular nucleotides have been supported by the cloning of receptor cDNAs, by the expression of the receptor proteins, and by the identification in salivary gland cells of(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility results from the coordinated actions of enteric neurons, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), and smooth muscle cells. The GI tract of the zebrafish has a cellular anatomy that is essentially similar to humans. Although enteric nerves and smooth muscle cells have been described, it is unknown if ICC are present in the zebrafish.(More)