Simon J Fung

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The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by the occurrence of cyclic snoring and frequent apneic episodes during sleep, with consequent hypoxia and hypercapnia. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is associated with excess daytime sleepiness, depression, and an increased incidence of ischemic cardiopathy, cardiac arrhythmias, systemic hypertension(More)
1. The electrophysiological properties of alpha-motoneurons in old cats (14-15 yr) were compared with those of adult cats (1-3 yr). These properties were measured utilizing intracellular recording and stimulating techniques. 2. Unaltered in the old cat motoneurons were the membrane potential, action potential amplitude, and slopes of the initial segment(More)
The present study revealed a consistent reduction of ventral root-induced recurrent inhibition of monosynaptic reflexes in both extensor (gastrocnemius-soleus) and flexor (common peroneal) motonuclei upon delivery of preconditioning stimuli to the locus coeruleus (LC) in decerebrate cats. The magnitudes of the LC-induced decrease in recurrent inhibition,(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea and other sleep-related breathing disorders result in recurrent periods of oxygen deprivation (hypoxia), hypercapnia and an increase in the cellular production of reactive oxygen species (oxidative stress-related injury). Individuals with these disorders suffer from a variety of cellular abnormalities that result in cardiopulmonary(More)
Functional connectivity of the feline coerulospinal projection was delineated by utilizing the combined approaches of antidromic activation and electrical stimulation. We isolated 25 locus coeruleus (LC) neurons that were electrophysiologically identified and histologically verified and that could be driven by stimulating the spinal cord. Antidromicity of(More)
The present study was performed in order to determine the effect of electrical stimulation of the medullary nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis (NRGc) on the membrane potential of spinal cord motoneurons during sleep and wakefulness. Accordingly, intracellular recordings were obtained from lumbar motoneurons in unanesthetized normally respiring cats(More)
Hypocretinergic (orexinergic) neurons in the lateral hypothalamus project to motor columns in the lumbar spinal cord. Consequently, we sought to determine whether the hypocretinergic system modulates the electrical activity of motoneurons. Using in vivo intracellular recording techniques, we examined the response of spinal motoneurons in the cat to(More)
In trigeminal and hypoglossal motor nuclei of adult cats, hypocretin immunoreactive fiber varicosities were observed in apposition to retrogradely labeled motoneuron somata and dendrites. Among those lateral hypothalamus neurons that project to the hypoglossal nucleus some were determined to be hypocretin immunoreactive and were located amongst the(More)
Intracellular recordings were obtained from lumbar motoneurons in unanesthetized, undrugged, normally respiring cats during the states of wakefulness, quiet sleep and active sleep. The objective was to examine the state-dependent control of spinal cord motoneurons exerted by the pontomesencephalic reticular formation. Accordingly, electrical stimulation was(More)
The control of hypoglossal motoneurons during sleep is important from a basic science perspective as well as to understand the bases for pharyngeal occlusion which results in the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. In the present work, we used intracellular recording techniques to determine changes in membrane properties in adult cats in which atonia was(More)