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Current hierarchical models of the cerebral cortex are mainly based on qualitative connection studies. From wheatgerm-agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase injections, we examined the laminar patterns of projections to and between the three major subdivisions of the motion-processing lateral suprasylvian (LS) complex [areas posteromedial lateral suprasylvian(More)
We manipulated the visual information available for grasping to examine what is visually guided when subjects get a precision grip on a common class of object (upright cylinders). In Experiment 1, objects (2 sizes) were placed at different eccentricities to vary the relative proximity to the participant’s (n = 6) body of their thumb and finger contact(More)
Theoretical considerations suggest that binocular information should provide advantages, compared to monocular viewing, for the planning and execution of natural reaching and grasping actions, but empirical support for this is quite equivocal. We have examined these predictions on a simple prehension task in which normal subjects reached, grasped and lifted(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) is a primary site for the action of cocaine in inducing euphoria. Its action is necessary for the selectivities of dopaminergic neurotoxins that provide the best current experimental models of Parkinson's disease. In the present report, rat dopamine transporter-like immunoreactivity (iDAT) was assessed by immunohistochemistry(More)
Regularity of laminar origin and termination of projections appears to be a common feature of corticocortical connections. We tested three models of this regularity, originally formulated for primate cerebral cortex, using quantitative data on the relative supragranular layer origins (SGN%) of 151 projections from 19 areas ( approximately 145,000 neurons)(More)
The growth of the retina and tectum during larval life in Xenopus has previously been studied extensively. These two structures continue to grow in metamorphosing and postmetamorphic animals. During these later stages there are marked changes in eye position. We have used histogenetic and morphometric techniques to monitor retinal and tectal growth in(More)
Information processing in the brain is strongly constrained by anatomical connectivity. However, the principles governing the organization of corticocortical connections remain elusive. Here, we tested three models of relationships between the organization of cortical structure and features of connections linking 49 areas of the cat cerebral cortex. Factors(More)
Extensive research has suggested that simply viewing an object can automatically prime compatible actions for object manipulation, known as affordances. Here we explored the generation of covert motor plans afforded by real objects with precision ('pinchable') or whole-hand/power ('graspable') grip significance under different types of vision. In Experiment(More)
Pointing movements made to a target defined by the imaginary intersection of a pointer with a distant landing line were examined in healthy human observers in order to determine whether such motor responses are susceptible to the Poggendorff effect. In this well-known geometric illusion observers make systematic extrapolation errors when the pointer abuts a(More)
We investigated the effects of a tilted reference frame (i.e., allocentric visual context) on the perception of the gravitational vertical and saccadic eye movements along a planned egocentric vertical path. Participants (n = 5) in a darkened room fixated a point in the center of a circle on an LCD display and decided which of two sequentially presented(More)