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Myosin heavy chains are encoded by distinct members of a multigene family at different stages of muscle development. Study of the underlying regulatory mechanisms has been hindered because transitions in myosin expression have not been readily attained in tissue culture. Here we show a transition from early (fetal) to late (perinatal/adult) myosins defined(More)
The localization of gene products is central to the development of cell polarity and pattern specification during embryogenesis. To monitor the distribution of gene products encoded by different nuclei in the same cell in tissue culture, we fused cells of different species to form multinucleated non-dividing heterokaryons. In previous fusion studies,(More)
Molting or ecdysis is the most fundamentally important process in arthropod life history, because shedding of the exoskeleton is an absolute prerequisite for growth and metamorphosis. Although the hormonal mechanisms driving ecdysis in insects have been studied extensively, nothing is known about these processes in crustaceans. During late premolt and(More)
Both isoforms of the crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) and corresponding crustacean hyperglycemic hormone precursor-related peptide (CPRP) derived from HPLC-purified sinus gland extracts from the edible crab Cancer pagurus were fully characterised by microsequencing and mass spectrometry. The amino acid sequences of the CHH isoforms were almost(More)
Putative moult-inhibiting hormone (MIH) from sinus glands of the edible crab Cancer pagurus was characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography, followed by fractional bioassay (inhibition of ecdysteroid synthesis by Y-organs) and immunoassay (using antisera raised against Carcinus MIH). This peptide was fully sequenced by automated Edman(More)
Full-length cDNAs encoding crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP) were isolated from several decapod (brachyuran and astacuran) crustaceans: the blue crab Callinectes sapidus, green shore crab Carcinus maenas, European lobster Homarus gamarus and calico crayfish Orconectes immunis. The cDNAs encode open reading frames of 143 (brachyurans) and 139-140(More)
Vertebrate muscles are composed of an array of diverse fast and slow fiber types with different contractile properties. Differences among fibers in fast and slow MyHC expression could be due to extrinsic factors that act on the differentiated myofibers. Alternatively, the mononucleate myoblasts that fuse to form multinucleated muscle fibers could differ(More)
Crustacean ecdysis is controlled by at least three neuropeptides: moult-inhibiting hormone (MIH), which represses ecdysteroid synthesis; crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone (CHH), which not only influences ecdysteroid synthesis but also water uptake during moulting; and crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP), which is involved in stereotyped ecdysis(More)
On the basis of detailed analyses of morphological characteristics and behavioural events associated with ecdysis in a crab (Carcinus maenas) and a crayfish (Orconectes limosus), a comprehensive substaging system has been introduced for the ecdysis stage of the moult cycle of these decapod crustaceans. In a remarkably similar stereotyped ecdysis sequence in(More)