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BACKGROUND The central veins that are usually cannulated are the jugular, subclavian, femoral and brachial. If subclavian catheterization is difficult using surface landmark techniques, we now use ultrasound to catheterize the infraclavicular axillary vein. This approach is not widely used and the ultrasound appearance has not been formally described. We(More)
Twenty-two patients with colonic arterio-venous malformations (AVM) are reported and 218 other cases in the English literature are reviewed. Of our patients, 16 (73%) underwent right hemicolectomy because of repeated episodes of rectal bleeding or iron-deficiency anemia. Ten (63%) of these patients have remained in good health with no further evidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Based on equivocal clinical data, intravenous antioxidant therapy has been used for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis. To date there is no randomised comparison of this therapy in severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS We conducted a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial of intravenous antioxidant (n-acetylcysteine, selenium,(More)
A retrospective clinical and radiological review of 51 patients (mean age 66 years) was performed to assess the outcome of excision arthroplasty for hallux valgus in an elderly population and to compare the results of the Keller, which is still used frequently in many centers in the United Kingdom, and modified Mayo operations. Although significant(More)
Aims and Background. Patients in the United Kingdom with operable gastric and gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) tumours receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Our aim was to study the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) enzyme in pre-treatment diagnostic biopsy specimens and investigate its clinical usefulness. Methods. A single-centre study was carried out(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Central sensitization is thought to play a role in chronic cough and might explain the temporal association between cough and gastroesophageal reflux (GOR) in patients in whom non-GOR causes have been excluded. Using our novel simultaneous acoustic cough recording and impedance/pH monitoring technique, we aimed to explore this further by(More)
The staging laparoscopy has been used in the management of gastrointestinal cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of staging laparoscopy, in comparison with computed tomography (CT) and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging in staging patients with gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) and gastric cancers. The data(More)
BACKGROUND Gastro-bronchial fistula (GBF) is a rare and devastating complication following esophagectomy. Making the correct diagnosis is difficult and there is no agreement on the treatment for this rare condition. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a 56-year-old man who presented with features of repeated aspiration and chest infections six years(More)
Four patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, shunting of blood from the hepatic artery to the portal vein, and hyperkinetic portal hypertension were treated by transcatheter embolization of the hepatic artery. In three acutely bleeding patients variceal hemorrhage was controlled by the embolization. Following embolization hepatofugal portal venous flow(More)