Simon Dustan

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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) can evade immunity shortly after transmission to a new host but the clinical significance of this early viral adaptation in HIV infection is not clear. We present an analysis of sequence variation from a longitudinal cohort study of HIV adaptation in 189 acute seroconverters followed for up to 3 years. We measured(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and persistence of transmitted drug-resistant HIV-1 in an incident cohort between 2000 and 2004, and to investigate the impact of transmitted drug-resistant HIV-1 on the response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS A prospective, nonrandomized study was carried out on 140 individuals(More)
Sequences of the novel gammaretrovirus, xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) have been described in human prostate cancer tissue, although the amounts of DNA are low. Furthermore, XMRV sequences and polytropic (p) murine leukemia viruses (MLVs) have been reported in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). In assessing the prevalence(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genetic diversity is a major obstacle for the design of a successful vaccine. Certain viral polymorphisms encode human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-associated immune escape, potentially overcoming limited vaccine protection. Although transmission of immune escape variants has been reported, the overall extent to which(More)
We modified the Abbott diagnostics HIV-1 Viroseq version 2 assay trade mark in order to detect the presence of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations in patients with viraemia below 1000 copies/ml of plasma. One hundred and forty-four patients with a detectable HIV-1 plasma viral load below 1000 copies/ml were selected and HIV-1 genetic analysis carried out using(More)
The worrying finding that up to 19% of newly diagnosed HIV-1 cases in the UK have genotypic evidence of transmitted drug-resistant HIV-1 (TrDR-HIV-1) does not concur with levels observed in one London centre. A study of the prevalence of resistance in primary HIV infection and newly diagnosed antiretroviral-naive individuals demonstrated significantly lower(More)
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