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Autoantibodies against soluble liver enzymes have been reported among alcoholics, but the targets of self-reactivity toward membrane proteins of the liver have not been characterized. Previously, among alcoholics, we found antibodies against ethanol-derived radical protein adducts that are dependent on cytochrome P-4502E1 (CYP2E1) for their formation. To(More)
Treatment with the immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporin and tacrolimus, the mainstays of anti-graft rejection and autoimmune disease therapy, is limited by their hepato- and nephrotoxicity. The metabolic conversion of these compounds to more easily excretable products is catalysed mainly by hepatic cytochrome P4503A4 (CYP3A4) but also involves extrahepatic(More)
We assessed in vivo antimalarial action of a lipophilic iron (III) chelator belonging to a new synthetic family of biomimetic siderophores previously termed reversed siderophores (RSFs). The family member, RSF ileum2, was chosen for its high membrane permeability and fast irreversible inhibition of human malaria parasite growth in vitro. [Shanzer A, et al.,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is characterized by orbital T cell infiltration and local release of proinflammatory cytokines. We aimed to evaluate the involvement of baseline regulatory T (Treg) cells and rabbit anti-T lymphocyte globulin (rATG)-induced Treg cells in GO. DESIGN Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from seven patients(More)
CONTEXT Immunoglobulins stimulating the TSH receptor (TSI) influence thyroid function and likely mediate extrathyroidal manifestations of Graves' disease (GD). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the clinical relevance of TSI in GD patients with or without Graves' orbitopathy (GO), to correlate the TSI levels with activity/severity of GO, and(More)
Although ophthalmopathy is mainly associated with Graves' hyperthyroidism, milder eye changes are also found in about 25% of patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). The recent finding of negative thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) antibodies, as measured in the Thyretain™ thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) reporter bioassay, in patients with euthyroid(More)
We show here that the anti-T lymphocyte immunoglobulin (ATG) can induce Treg cells following 24-h incubation in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The ATG-induced Treg cells express known cell surface markers (e.g., CD25, FoxP3) and suppress the proliferation of autologous responder PBMCs, stimulated with allogeneic PBMCs, when added into the(More)
The rabbit anti-T lymphocyte globulins (rATGs) are immune-suppressive anti-T cell agents with beneficial effects in solid organ and hematological transplantation. The present review evaluates the potential mechanisms of rATGs and their impact on pilot and exploratory studies of diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (scleroderma-SSc), inclusion body myositis(More)
We introduce here a fluorescent derivative of desferrioxamine B (DFO) that retains the high affinity of the parent compound and displays a powerful inhibition of intraerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum growth. NBD-DFO was synthesized by coupling 7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD) to the terminal amino group of DFO. The NBD group at this position renders(More)
We designed the N-methylanthranilic-desferrioxamine (MA-DFO) as a fluorescent iron (III) chelator with improved membrane permeation properties. Upon binding of iron (III), MA-DFO fluorescence is quenched, thus allowing traceability of drug-iron (III) interactions. MA-DFO is well tolerated by mammalian cells in culture. Its antimalarial activity is(More)