Simon Cowie

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It has previously been shown that the anxiolytic drugs sodium amylobarbitone and chlordiazepoxide can impair the partial reinforcement extinction effect (PREE) in the runway (Gray 1969; Feldon etal. 1979; Feldon and Gray 1981). I f a very short intertrial interval is used no effect is obtained (Ziff and Capaldi 1971); with moderate intertrial intervals(More)
Ankle fractures are common orthopedic injuries requiring reduction and cast immobilization or fixation. Fractures fixed in a malreduced (misaligned) position can require revision surgery. However, because this has been a relatively rare occurrence, little is known about the complications that can occur after such surgery. We reviewed all adult closed ankle(More)
BACKGROUND Hypermobility in the foot is a common observation but difficult to quantify. Primary tarsometatarsal arthritis is less common and its aetiology uncertain. This study introduces a novel means of clinical measurement for range of motion of the medial column and investigates the association between hypermobility, planovalgus foot shape and(More)
An 11-year-old girl underwent T4 to L1 posterior instrumented scoliosis correction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Postoperative clinical examination revealed left-sided Horner's syndrome which was preceded by left-sided C8 paraesthesia. The Horner's syndrome resolved after 14 hours following weaning and removal of the epidural catheter. Horner's(More)
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