Simon Cowie

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It has previously been shown that the anxiolytic drugs sodium amylobarbitone and chlordiazepoxide can impair the partial reinforcement extinction effect (PREE) in the runway (Gray 1969; Feldon etal. 1979; Feldon and Gray 1981). I f a very short intertrial interval is used no effect is obtained (Ziff and Capaldi 1971); with moderate intertrial intervals(More)
BACKGROUND Hypermobility in the foot is a common observation but difficult to quantify. Primary tarsometatarsal arthritis is less common and its aetiology uncertain. This study introduces a novel means of clinical measurement for range of motion of the medial column and investigates the association between hypermobility, planovalgus foot shape and(More)
Ankle fractures are common orthopedic injuries requiring reduction and cast immobilization or fixation. Fractures fixed in a malreduced (misaligned) position can require revision surgery. However, because this has been a relatively rare occurrence, little is known about the complications that can occur after such surgery. We reviewed all adult closed ankle(More)
An 11-year-old girl underwent T4 to L1 posterior instrumented scoliosis correction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Postoperative clinical examination revealed left-sided Horner's syndrome which was preceded by left-sided C8 paraesthesia. The Horner's syndrome resolved after 14 hours following weaning and removal of the epidural catheter. Horner's(More)
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