Simon Coleman

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This study investigates the use of a mineral processing by-product, neutralized used acid (NUA), primarily composed of gypsum and Fe-oxyhydroxide, as a soil amendment. A 1489-d turf farm field trial assessed nutrient, trace element, and radionuclide mobility of a soil amended with ∼5% by mass to a depth of 15 cm of NUA. Average PO-P fluxes collected as(More)
In this paper, we investigate the incorporation of independent component analysis (ICA) with Q-ball imaging (QBI) to extract information on the diffusion orientation distribution function (ODF) from an inner voxel. In our approach, the ICA algorithm is applied to a mixture of ODFs which are constructed based on the analytical QBI solution. The numerical(More)
The photo-, thermo- and solvatochromic properties of 2,3-dihydro-1',3',3'-trimethyl-6-nitrospiro[1-benzopyran-2,2'-1H-indole] (BSP) and its photo-induced merocyanine isomer (MC) were investigated in phosphonium based ILs by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. It was found that the kinetics and thermodynamics of the BSP <--> MC equilibrium were sensitive to the(More)
The photochemistry and thermodynamics of two terthiophene (TTh) derivatives bearing benzospiropyran (BSP) moieties, 1-(3,3″-dimethylindoline-6'-nitrobenzospiropyranyl)-2-ethyl 4,4″-didecyloxy-2,2':5',2″-terthiophene-3'-acetate (BSP-2) and 1-(3,3″-dimethylindoline-6'-nitrobenzospiropyranyl)-2-ethyl 4,4″-didecyloxy-2,2':5',2″-terthiophene-3'-carboxylate(More)
Investigations into the extent of structuring present in phosphonium based ionic liquids (ILs) have been carried out using photochromic molecular probes. Three spiropyran derivatives containing hydroxyl (BSP-1), carboxylic acid (BSP-2) and aliphatic chain (C(14)H(29)) (BSP-3) functional groups have been analysed in a range of phosphonium based ionic liquids(More)
We have investigated the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of thermal reversion of the spirooxazine 1,3,3-trimethyl-5'-(2-benzothiazolyl)-spiroindoline-2,3'-naphtho(2,1-b)(1,4) oxazine (SO) in molecular solvents and ionic liquids containing the [NTf2]- anion. E(T)30 and Kamlet-Taft parameter studies were employed to interpret IL polarity and attempt to(More)
A novel approach that allows control of flow in microfluidic channels with unsurpassed performance using light is described. Valve structures have been created using photoresponsive hydrogels based on spiropyran-functionalised pNIPAAm hydrogels photopolymerised around pillar structures within the channels. Valve actuation is controlled from outside the(More)
Molecular photoswitches have been used to investigate the possibility of nanostructured polar and nonpolar domains in ionic liquids (ILs). Two photochromic compounds, spiropyran (BSP) and spirooxazine (SO) were added to imidazolium based ionic liquids containing the anion [NTf2](-), and their photochromic behavior was monitored with increasing side chain(More)
Liquid ion association in ionic liquids (ILs) has been examined using a comprehensive series of electronic structure calculations that measure the relative extents of ion association and probe stabilisation for the photochromic dye nitrobenzospiropyran (BSP) in a range of ILs featuring both long-tailed phosphonium cations and short-tailed imidazolium(More)
Following previous studies involving the thermal relaxation of spirocyclic compounds we extended our studies to investigate the formation of nano-structured domains in ionic liquids (ILs). Two compounds, spiropyran (BSP) and spirooxazine (SO) were added to imidazolium cation based ionic liquids with increasing chain lenghts (C2 –C12). Increasing side-chain(More)