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Small sample size is one of the most challenging problems in face recognition due to the difficulty of sample collection in many real-world applications. By representing the query sample as a linear combination of training samples from all classes, the so-called collab-orative representation based classification (CRC) shows very effective face recognition(More)
Factors such as misalignment, pose variation, and occlusion make robust face recognition a difficult problem. It is known that statistical features such as local binary pattern are effective for local feature extraction, whereas the recently proposed sparse or collaborative representation-based classification has shown interesting results in robust face(More)
By representing the input testing image as a sparse linear combination of the training samples via l 1-norm minimization, sparse representation based classification (SRC) has shown promising results for face recognition (FR). Particularly, by introducing an identity occlusion dictionary to code the occluded portions of face images, SRC could lead to robust(More)
Local-feature-based face recognition (FR) methods, such as Gabor features encoded by local binary pattern, could achieve state-of-the-art FR results in large-scale face databases such as FERET and FRGC. However, the time and space complexity of Gabor transformation are too high for many practical FR applications. In this paper, we propose a new and(More)
With the rapid development of digital imaging and communication technologies, image set-based face recognition (ISFR) is becoming increasingly important. One key issue of ISFR is how to effectively and efficiently represent the query face image set using the gallery face image sets. The set-to-set distance-based methods ignore the relationship between(More)
High level Petri Nets have recently been used for many AI applications, particularly for modelling traditional rule-based expert systems. The major effect is to facilitate the analysis of the knowledge inference during the reasoning process, and to support the system verification which increasingly becomes an integral part of expert system development.(More)
CBR systems that are built for the classification problems are called CBR classifiers. This paper presents a novel and fast approach to building efficient and competent CBR classifiers that combines both feature reduction (FR) and case selection (CS). It has three central contributions: 1) it develops a fast rough-set method based on relative attribute(More)
In this paper we propose a two-dimensional (2D) Laplacianfaces method for face recognition. The new algorithm is developed based on two techniques, i.e., locality preserved embedding and image based projection. The 2D Laplacianfaces method is not only computationally more efficient but also more accurate than the one-dimensional (1D) Laplacianfaces method(More)
This paper presents a novel rough set-based case-based reasoner for use in text categorization (TC). The reasoner has four main components: feature term extractor, document representor, case selector, and case retriever. It operates by first reducing the number of feature terms in the documents using the rough set technique. Then, the number of documents is(More)