Simon Brockbank

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BACKGROUND Studies of gene expression in post mortem human brain can contribute to understanding of the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Quantitative real-time PCR (RT qPCR) is often used to analyse gene expression. The validity of results(More)
β-site AβPP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) catalyses the rate-limiting step for production of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides, involved in the pathological cascade underlying Alzheimer's disease (AD). Elevated BACE1 protein levels and activity have been reported in AD postmortem brains. Our study explored whether this was due to elevated BACE1 mRNA expression. RNA was(More)
WE-14 is derived from the cell-specific posttranslational processing of chromogranin A (CgA) in subpopulations of neuroendocrine cells and neurons. Region- and site-specific chromogranin A, pancreastatin and WE-14 antisera were employed to study the generation of WE-14 in porcine ocular tissues. No chromogranin A or pancreastatin immunostaining was detected(More)
α-Synuclein is a neuronal protein implicated in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Whilst increased α-synuclein expression due to gene duplication or triplication can cause familial PD, previous studies of α-synuclein levels in idiopathic disease have produced conflicting data. We quantified α-synuclein mRNA and(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease is an inherited condition with an incidence rate of approximately 1 in 2500 new born babies. CF is characterized as chronic infection of the lung which leads to inflammation of the airway. Sputum from CF patients contains elevated levels of neutrophils and subsequently elevated levels of neutrophil serine proteases. In a(More)
β-Site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE1) is the rate-limiting enzyme for production of Aβ peptides, proposed to drive the pathological changes found in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reticulon 3 (RTN3) is a negative modulator of BACE1 (β-secretase) proteolytic activity, while peptidylprolyl isomerase (cyclophilin)-like 2 (PPIL2) positively(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the Raman spectra of porcine inner retinal layers, specifically, the inner nuclear, inner plexiform, ganglion cell, and nerve fiber layers. METHODS Raman microscopy was employed at three excitation wavelengths, 785, 633, and 514 nm to measure Raman spectra in a high resolution grid across the inner layers of 4% paraformaldehyde(More)
WE-14 is generated in subpopulations of chromogranin A immunopositive endocrine cells and neurons including those innervating the anterior uvea. This study investigated WE-14 in intact sclero-limbo-corneal tissue from embryonic (E17), neonatal (N0-N16), and adult mice using immunocytochemistry and confocal scanning laser microscopy. Weak WE-14(More)
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