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BACKGROUND Chronic infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) and airway inflammation leads to progressive lung injury. Neutrophils are considered to be responsible for the onset and promotion of the inflammatory response within the CF lung. The relationship between infection and inflammation is complex but circulating inflammatory markers may not truly reflect the(More)
In cystic fibrosis (CF), inflammation is caused by persistent bacterial infection from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cenocepacia in the lung and is characterised by the persistent infiltration of massive numbers of neutrophils which leads to lung injury. The aim of this present study was to investigate the effects of CF exacerbations on the(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the Raman spectra of porcine inner retinal layers, specifically, the inner nuclear, inner plexiform, ganglion cell, and nerve fiber layers. METHODS Raman microscopy was employed at three excitation wavelengths, 785, 633, and 514 nm to measure Raman spectra in a high resolution grid across the inner layers of 4% paraformaldehyde(More)
Studies of gene expression in post mortem human brain can contribute to understanding of the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Quantitative real-time PCR (RT qPCR) is often used to analyse gene expression. The validity of results obtained using RT(More)
We have isolated and cloned the gyrA and gyrB genes from Staphylococcus aureus. These adjacent genes encode the subunits of DNA gyrase. The nucleotide sequence of a 5.9-kb region which includes part of an upstream recF gene, the whole of gyrB and gyrA, and about 1 kb of unknown downstream sequence has been determined. The gyrB and gyrA gene sequences(More)
β-site AβPP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) catalyses the rate-limiting step for production of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides, involved in the pathological cascade underlying Alzheimer's disease (AD). Elevated BACE1 protein levels and activity have been reported in AD postmortem brains. Our study explored whether this was due to elevated BACE1 mRNA expression. RNA was(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease is an inherited condition with an incidence rate of approximately 1 in 2500 new born babies. CF is characterized as chronic infection of the lung which leads to inflammation of the airway. Sputum from CF patients contains elevated levels of neutrophils and subsequently elevated levels of neutrophil serine proteases. In a(More)
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) comprises a poorly understood group of chronic, childhood onset, autoimmune diseases with variable clinical outcomes. We investigated whether profiling of the synovial fluid (SF) proteome by a fluorescent dye based, two-dimensional gel (DIGE) approach could distinguish patients in whom inflammation extends to affect a(More)
PURPOSE Raman microscopy, based upon the inelastic scattering (Raman) of light by molecular species, has been applied as a specific structural probe in a wide range of biomedical samples. The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the potential of the technique for spectral characterization of the porcine outer retina derived from the area(More)
PURPOSE Elucidation of the transcriptome and proteome of the normal retina will be difficult since it is comprised of at least 55 different cell types. However the characteristic layered cellular anatomy of the retina makes it amenable to planar sectioning, enabling the generation of enriched retinal cell populations. The aim of this study was to validate a(More)