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Thenar eminence tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) was developed to assess organ perfusion. However, mottling, a strong predictor of mortality in septic shock, develops preferentially around the knee. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of StO2 measured around the knee in septic shock patients and compare it to thenar StO2. This was a prospective(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Skin perfusion alterations are early and strong predictors of death in patients with septic shock. Cirrhosis is associated with systemic vasodilation and increases mortality from septic shock. We aimed at assessing whether the mottling score and tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) could be used as early predictors of death in cirrhotic(More)
In the intensive care unit (ICU), the outcomes of patients with acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) are poorly documented. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for death in ICU patients with AMI. A retrospective, observational, non-interventional, multicenter study was conducted in 43 ICUs of 38 public institutions in France. From January 2008 to(More)
BACKGROUND Mottling score has been reported to be a strong predictive factor during septic shock. However, the pathophysiology of mottling remains unclear. METHODS In patients admitted in ICU for septic shock, we measured on the same area the mean skin perfusion by laser Doppler, the mottling score, and variations of both indices between T1 (6 hours after(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Despite the progress made over the past 20 years in the treatment of septic shock, mortality remains high. Microcirculatory disorders raise considerable interest aiming to improve the understanding of the physiopathology of septic shock and its management. RECENT FINDINGS Numerous experimental and clinical studies have gradually focused(More)
Dear Editor, Post-mortem examination relying on medical autopsy is the standard of reference in clinical medicine. Unfortunately, medical autopsy rate has declined worldwide in the few last decades for many reasons, the most frequent being family refusal. Post-mortem imaging using CT scan (virtopsy) is emerging as an alternative to conventional autopsy.(More)
OBJECTIVE Abdominal aortic aneurysm is an inflammatory disease leading to destructive vascular remodeling and ultimately to lethal aortic rupture. Despite its frequent association with atherosclerosis, compelling studies have shown striking differences and potentially opposite roles of T-cell helper responses in aneurysm as compared with atherosclerosis,(More)
We read with interest the study by Knoop et al who reported deleterious effects of antibiotics on the intestinal microflora. This observation should motivate the development of powerful tools for the diagnosis of infections to limit inappropriate antibiotic prescription. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with cirrhosis is a frequent(More)
Shock is a common reason for medical intensive care unit admission, with septic and cardiogenic accounting for most of the etiologies. However, the potential severity of adverse side effects of drugs indicates that any medication should be carefully scrutinized for potential pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions that may result. We herein report(More)
BACKGROUND Mottling around the knee, reflecting a reduced skin blood flow, is predictive of mortality in patients with septic shock. However, the causative pathophysiology of mottling remains unknown. We hypothesized that the cutaneous hypoperfusion observed in the mottled area is related to regional endothelial dysfunction. METHODS This was a(More)