Simon Blouin

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The use of injectable biomaterials is of interest in osteoporotic patients to locally restore bone mass in sites at risk of fracture. An injectable bone substitute (IBS1 made of betaTCP/hydroxyapatite as a calcium phosphate substitute and hydroxy-propyl-methyl-cellulose as a polymer carrier) was used in a severely osteopenic rat model obtained by combining(More)
Many bacterial mRNAs are regulated at the transcriptional or translational level by ligand-binding elements called riboswitches. Although they both bind adenine, the adenine riboswitches of Bacillus subtilis and Vibrio vulnificus differ by controlling transcription and translation, respectively. Here, we demonstrate that, beyond the obvious difference in(More)
S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) riboswitches are widespread in bacteria, and up to five different SAM riboswitch families have been reported, highlighting the relevance of SAM regulation. On the basis of crystallographic and biochemical data, it has been postulated, but never demonstrated, that ligand recognition by SAM riboswitches involves key conformational(More)
The Bacillus subtilis lysC lysine riboswitch modulates its own gene expression upon lysine binding through a transcription attenuation mechanism. The riboswitch aptamer is organized around a single five-way junction that provides the scaffold for two long-range tertiary interactions (loop L2-loop L3 and helix P2-loop L4)--all of this for the creation of a(More)
Protein-DNA interactions underpin life and play key roles in all cellular processes and functions including DNA transcription, packaging, replication, and repair. Identifying and examining the nature of these interactions is therefore a crucial prerequisite to understand the molecular basis of how these fundamental processes take place. The application of(More)
BAIT AND SWITCH: Metabolite-sensing riboswitches make use of RNA structural modulation to regulate gene expression, as illustrated in the scheme, in response to subtle changes in metabolite concentrations. This review describes the current knowledge about naturally occurring riboswitches and their growing potential as antibacterial cellular targets and as(More)
The lysine riboswitch is associated to the lysC gene in Bacillus subtilis, and the binding of lysine modulates the RNA structure to allow the formation of an intrinsic terminator presumably involved in transcription attenuation. The complex secondary structure of the lysine riboswitch aptamer is organized around a five-way junction that undergoes structural(More)
The exquisite specificity of the adenine-responsive riboswitch toward its cognate metabolite has been shown to arise from the formation of a Watson-Crick interaction between the adenine ligand and residue U65. A recent crystal structure of a U65C adenine aptamer variant has provided a rationale for the phylogenetic conservation observed at position 39 for(More)
AIMS Osteolytic (Walker 256, W256) and osteoblastic (MatLyLu, MLL) metastases were induced to investigate their effect on bone architecture by microcomputed tomography (microCT) and texture analysis of radiographs. METHODS Fischer and Copenhagen rats received an intracardiac injection with W256/MLL cells, respectively. Femur and tibia radiographs were(More)
The preferential proliferation of cancer cells in the bone microenvironment is poorly characterised. Expression pattern of bone marrow and other organ microenvironment in contact with osteolytic (Walker W256) and osteoblastic (MatLyLu MLL) metastases were investigated. Fisher and Copenhagen rats received, respectively, W256 and MLL cells injection. Bone and(More)