Learn More
S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) riboswitches are widespread in bacteria, and up to five different SAM riboswitch families have been reported, highlighting the relevance of SAM regulation. On the basis of crystallographic and biochemical data, it has been postulated, but never demonstrated, that ligand recognition by SAM riboswitches involves key conformational(More)
Protein-DNA interactions underpin life and play key roles in all cellular processes and functions including DNA transcription, packaging, replication, and repair. Identifying and examining the nature of these interactions is therefore a crucial prerequisite to understand the molecular basis of how these fundamental processes take place. The application of(More)
BAIT AND SWITCH: Metabolite-sensing riboswitches make use of RNA structural modulation to regulate gene expression, as illustrated in the scheme, in response to subtle changes in metabolite concentrations. This review describes the current knowledge about naturally occurring riboswitches and their growing potential as antibacterial cellular targets and as(More)
The Bacillus subtilis lysC lysine riboswitch modulates its own gene expression upon lysine binding through a transcription attenuation mechanism. The riboswitch aptamer is organized around a single five-way junction that provides the scaffold for two long-range tertiary interactions (loop L2-loop L3 and helix P2-loop L4)--all of this for the creation of a(More)
The exquisite specificity of the adenine-responsive riboswitch toward its cognate metabolite has been shown to arise from the formation of a Watson-Crick interaction between the adenine ligand and residue U65. A recent crystal structure of a U65C adenine aptamer variant has provided a rationale for the phylogenetic conservation observed at position 39 for(More)
Many bacterial mRNAs are regulated at the transcriptional or translational level by ligand-binding elements called riboswitches. Although they both bind adenine, the adenine riboswitches of Bacillus subtilis and Vibrio vulnificus differ by controlling transcription and translation, respectively. Here, we demonstrate that, beyond the obvious difference in(More)
The lysine riboswitch is associated to the lysC gene in Bacillus subtilis, and the binding of lysine modulates the RNA structure to allow the formation of an intrinsic terminator presumably involved in transcription attenuation. The complex secondary structure of the lysine riboswitch aptamer is organized around a five-way junction that undergoes structural(More)
OBJECTIVES Maternal satisfaction during the birthing process has been well documented, whereas little is known about the fathers' birth experiences. Our objective was to evaluate and compare the birth satisfaction of mothers and fathers. DESIGN Comparative cross-sectional study. SETTING Number of participating centres: one level III maternity centre(More)
This study compares the functional consequences of levothyroxine (T4) treatment during pregnancy as well as the acute affects of triiodothyronine (T3) on spontaneous uterine contractile activities observed in vitro. Uterine biopsies were obtained from consenting women undergoing elective caesarean at term (n = 28). Spontaneous contractile activities from(More)
OBJECTIVE The potency of acute montelukast treatment, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, has been demonstrated as tocolytic on in vitro myometrial contractility. This study assessed the ability of a 48h montelukast treatment to modify in vitro contractions under inflammatory conditions in a pregnant rat model. STUDY DESIGN Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats(More)