Simon A. Rudge

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Activation of phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D (PLD) has been implicated as a critical step in numerous cellular pathways, including signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and the regulation of mitosis. We report here the identification of the first human PLD cDNA, which defines a new and highly conserved gene family. Characterization of(More)
In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P2) is synthesized by a single phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate 5-kinase, Fab1. Cells deficient in PtdIns(3,5)P2 synthesis exhibit a grossly enlarged vacuole morphology, whereas increased levels of PtdIns(3,5)P2 provokes the formation of multiple small vacuoles,(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine and are involved in membrane trafficking and cytoskeletal reorganization. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SPO14 gene encodes a PLD that is essential for meiosis. We have analyzed the role of PLD in meiosis by examining two mutant proteins, one with a point mutation in a conserved(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) genes are members of a superfamily that is defined by several highly conserved motifs. PLD in mammals has been proposed to play a role in membrane vesicular trafficking and signal transduction. Using site-directed mutagenesis, 25 point mutants have been made in human PLD1 (hPLD1) and characterized. We find that a motif (HxKxxxxD) and a(More)
The pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of phospholipase C-delta 1 (PLC-delta 1) binds to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) in phospholipid membranes with an affinity (Ka approximately 10(6) M-1) and specificity comparable to those of the native enzyme. PLC-delta 1 and its PH domain also bind inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, the polar head group of(More)
Phosphoinositides are both substrates for second messenger-generating enzymes and spatially localized membrane signals that mediate vital steps in signal transduction, cytoskeletal regulation and membrane trafficking. Phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D (PLD) activity is stimulated by phosphoinositides, but the mechanism and physiological(More)
Phospholipid metabolism plays an important role in cellular regulation by generating second messengers for signal transduction. Many stimuli activate a phospholipase D, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine, producing phosphatidic acid and choline. Here we report that the yeast SP014 gene, which is essential for meiosis [Honigberg, S. M.,(More)
The signalling lipid phosphatidic acid (PA) is generated by the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine (PC), which is catalysed by phospholipase D (PLD) enzymes. Neutrophils, important cells of the innate immune system, maintain the body's defence against infection. Previous studies have implicated PLD-generated PA in neutrophil function; these have relied(More)
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT signaling pathway is critical for cellular growth and metabolism. Correspondingly, loss of function of PTEN, a negative regulator of PI3K, or activating mutations in AKT1, AKT2 or AKT3 have been found in distinct disorders featuring overgrowth or hypoglycemia. We performed exome sequencing of DNA from unaffected(More)
SPS1 encodes a sporulation-specific protein with homology to the Ste20/p21-activated kinase family. Deletion of SPS1 impinges on the formation of the spore wall, which surrounds each of the haploid nuclei generated by the meiotic divisions. Here, we demonstrate that the new internal membranes that surround the meiotic nuclei appear normal in the absence of(More)