Simo Salminen

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PROBLEM Two questions were posed in this global literature review: Do young workers have a higher occupational injury rate? Are the injuries of young workers more often fatal than those of older workers? METHOD The studies of nonfatal and fatal injuries were collected based on the following criteria: (a) published in peer-reviewed journals; (b) the young(More)
BACKGROUND Stress at work has long been recognized as a factor in increasing risk for mental and physical health problems. The extent to which work stressors and stress predicted injuries occur in a large population of Finnish hospital workers was studied. METHODS A total of 5,111 employees (624 men, 4,487 women) from 10 hospitals participated in this(More)
The aims of this article were, on the one hand, to indicate the risk groups exposed to serious occupational accidents and, on the other hand, to examine what makes serious occupational accidents 'serious'. We compared the data on 99 serious occupational accidents gathered by ourselves to the information from official statistics. The results showed that the(More)
The aim of this study is to examine two hypotheses. The first hypothesis proposes that left-handers have a higher injury risk than right-handers. The second hypothesis assumes that ambidextrous people have an elevated risk of injury compared with both right- and left-handers. The subjects of this study, 4107 men and 4461 women, were all born in northern(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the correlations between accidents in traffic, at work, at home, and during sports and leisure time. The study is based on three independent but similar data sets (in 1980 n = 9598, in 1988 n = 13,762, and in 1993 n = 4275) representative of all Finns over 14 years of age. The subjects were asked in a telephone interview(More)
The association between disturbed sleep and increased risk of occupational injury has been observed in several cross-sectional and case-control studies, but prospective evidence is lacking. We examined prospectively whether sleep disturbances predicted occupational injuries in a large population of Finnish public sector employees. A total of 48 598(More)
The aim of this article is to examine organizational factors influencing serious occupational accidents. The study was part of a larger project investigating 99 serious occupational accidents in southern Finland. A workplace analysis and an accident analysis were done at accident sites. In connection with this investigation, 73 victims, 91 foremen, and 83(More)
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of human error on industrial accidents. One hundred and seventy-eight fatalities and 99 serious accidents were classified according to Rasmussen's SRK model. Of accidents, 84-94% were due mainly to human error. Most of the errors were skill-based, next came rule-based errors and then knowledge-based errors. The(More)