Simmy Thomas

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The alkylating agent temozolomide, in combination with surgery and radiation, is the current standard of care for patients with glioblastoma. However, despite this extensive therapeutic effort, the inclusion of temozolomide extends survival only by a few short months. Among the factors contributing to chemoresistance is elevated expression of the(More)
Inhibition of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) by the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib has been suggested as potentially useful for B-cell lymphoma therapy. However, additional pharmacological activities of celecoxib have been discovered and have challenged the notion that its antitumor effects are mediated primarily via the inhibition of COX-2. To shed light on(More)
Moderate activity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response system exerts anti-apoptotic function and supports tumor cell survival and chemoresistance, whereas its more severe aggravation may exceed the protective capacity of this system and turn on its pro-apoptotic module. In this study, we investigated whether the combination of two pharmacologic(More)
Autophagy has been recognized as a potential target for cancer therapy. The antimalarial drug chloroquine (CQ) is able to inhibit autophagy and therefore is being considered for cancer therapeutics. However, the relatively low potency of CQ prompted us to investigate whether other lysosomotropic agents might be more effective, and thus potentially more(More)
The cellular processes of autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) appear to be interconnected, and it has been proposed that autophagy may serve to reduce ERS via removal of terminally misfolded and aggregated proteins. Conversely, there are indications that blockage of autophagy may increase ERS. Based on earlier work demonstrating that(More)
Verrucosidin (VCD) belongs to a group of fungal metabolites that were identified in screening programs to detect molecules that preferentially kill cancer cells under glucose-deprived conditions. Its mode of action was proposed to involve inhibition of increased GRP78 (glucose regulated protein 78) expression during hypoglycemia. Because GRP78 plays an(More)
The proteasome has been recognized as a druggable target in cancer cells, and this has led to searches for pharmacologic agents that target this cellular organelle for cancer therapeutic purposes. Syrbactins are a group of microbial metabolites consisting of two related families, the glidobactins and the syringolins. Some members of this group have revealed(More)
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