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Grapevine leafroll disease (GLD) is caused by a complex of several virus species (grapevine leafroll-associated viruses, GLRaV) in the family Closteroviridae. Because of its increasing importance, it is critical to determine which species of GLRaV is predominant in each region where this disease is occurring. A structured sampling design, utilizing a(More)
Grapevine leafroll-associated viruses are a problem for grape production globally. Symptoms are caused by a number of distinct viral species. During a survey of Napa Valley vineyards (California, USA), we found evidence of a new variant of Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3). We isolated its genome from a symptomatic greenhouse-raised plant and(More)
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs), via interaction with their cognate HLA class I ligands, play a crucial role in the development and activity of natural killer cells. Following recent reports of KIR gene associations in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we present a more in-depth investigation of KIR genes and their cognate HLA(More)
Acipenseriformes is an endangered primitive fish group, which occupies a special place in the history of ideas concerning fish evolution, even in vertebrate evolution. However, the classification and evolution of the fishes have been debated. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)ND4L and partialND4 genes were first sequenced in twelve species of the order(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic host factors play an important role in controlling individual's susceptibility to the pathogen. This study aims to explore the single and joint effect of genetic polymorphisms of interferon-gamma (IFNG) and its receptor (IFNGR1) in association with the pulmonary tuberculosis in a Chinese Han population. METHODS This population-based case(More)
This paper evaluates the theoretic performance of single-user multi-stream beamforming for heterogeneous LTE-A urban deployments (i.e. Macro and Pico cells). The work investigates the impact of six different Base Station (BS) antenna configurations on system level capacity. Our standard configuration assume 8 BS and 8 User Equipment (UE) antenna elements.(More)
This paper presents preliminary results for a novel 128-antenna massive Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) testbed developed through Bristol Is Open in collaboration with National Instruments and Lund University. We believe that the results presented here validate the adoption of massive MIMO as a key enabling technology for 5G and pave the way for(More)