Silvina S. M. Villanueva

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The effect of spironolactone (SL) administration on 17alpha-ethynylestradiol (EE)-induced cholestasis was studied, with emphasis on expression and activity of Mrps. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into the following groups: EE (5 mg/kg daily for 5 days, s.c.), SL (200 micromol/kg daily for 3 days, i.p.), EE+SL (same doses, SL administered the last 3(More)
The effects of glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) on expression and activity of jejunal multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2; Abcc2) and glutathione transferase (GST) were evaluated. After GLP-2 treatment (12 μg/100 g b.wt. s.c., every 12 h, for 5 consecutive days), Mrp2 and the α class of GST proteins and their corresponding mRNAs were increased,(More)
The mechanisms involved in spironolactone (SL, 200 micromol/kg body weight, 3 days i.p.)-induced choleresis were explored in vivo by evaluating bile salt export pump (Bsep)-, multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2)-, and anion exchanger 2 (AE2)-mediated secretory processes in rat liver. Hepatic bile salt metabolism was also analyzed. Total bile(More)
BACKGROUND Benznidazole (BZL) is the only antichagasic drug available in most endemic countries. Its effect on the expression and activity of drug-metabolizing and transporter proteins has not been studied yet. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Expression and activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2), Cytochrome P450(More)
Treatment of experimental animals with prototypical enzyme inducers represents a useful tool to characterize the role of different isozymes in drug metabolism and to improve our knowledge on factors regulating their synthesis at the transcriptional level. The effect of model enzyme inducers on phase II (conjugating) enzyme families, including(More)
Despite its toxicity, acetaminophen (APAP) is used increasingly as an analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory agent. We examined the effect of prior exposure to APAP on its biliary and urinary elimination. The biliary and urinary elimination of a test dose of APAP (150 mg/kg i.v.) was determined in male Wistar rats 24 h after pretreatment with(More)
The ability of the kidney and small intestine to synthesize and subsequently eliminate dinitrophenyl-S-glutathione (DNP-SG), a substrate for the multidrug resistance-associated proteins (Mrps), was assessed in bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats 1, 7, and 14 days after surgery, using an in vivo perfused jejunum model with simultaneous urine collection. A single(More)
The effect of antichagasic benznidazole (BZL; 100 mg/kg body weight/day, 3 consecutive days, intraperitoneally) on biotransformation systems and ABC transporters was evaluated in rats. Expression of cytochrome P-450 (CYP3A), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A), glutathione S-transferases (alpha glutathione S-transferase [GST-α], GST-μ, and GST-π),(More)
Development of resistance to toxic effects of acetaminophen (APAP) was reported in rodents and humans, though the mechanism is only partially understood. We examined in rats the effect of administration with subtoxic daily doses (0.2, 0.3, and 0.6g/kg, i.p.) of APAP on enterohepatic recirculation and liver toxicity of a subsequent i.p. toxic dose of 1g/kg,(More)
Renal and intestinal disposition of acetaminophen glucuronide (APAP-GLU), a common substrate for multidrug resistance-associated proteins 2 and 3 (Mrp2 and Mrp3), was assessed in bile duct-ligated rats (BDL) 7 days after surgery using an in vivo perfused jejunum model with simultaneous urine collection. Doses of 150 mg/kg b.w. (i.v.) or 1 g/kg b.w. (i.p.)(More)