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BACKGROUND We evaluated the association between maternal antiretrovirals (ARVs) during pregnancy and infant congenital anomalies (CAs), utilizing data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development International Site Development Initiative Perinatal Study. METHODS The study population consisted of first singleton pregnancies on study, >(More)
Vertical transmission of HIV can be reduced, however, anti-HIV therapy and proper prenatal care are not always available to all women who need them. The Bay Area Perinatal AIDS Center (BAPAC) in San Francisco has attacked these issues and has reduced the number of vertical transmissions to virtually zero. BAPAC's comprehensive program of educating pregnant(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test whether cesarean delivery before labor and before ruptured membranes is associated with a higher risk of postpartum morbidity than vaginal delivery among women who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 in Latin America and the Caribbean. STUDY DESIGN Data from a prospective cohort study (National(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection has been associated with increased hepatitis C virus (HCV) mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). We hypothesized that HCV/HIV-coinfected women with well-controlled HIV disease would not have increased HCV MTCT. METHODS The NISDI Perinatal and LILAC cohorts enrolled HIV-infected pregnant(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe Group B Streptococcus (GBS) prevention policies at 12 Latin American sites participating in the NICHD (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) International Site Development Initiative (NISDI) Longitudinal Study in Latin American Countries (LILAC) and to determine rates of rectovaginal(More)
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