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Increased blood pressure (BP) in genetic hypertension is usually caused by high activity of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) which is enhanced by central angiotensin II but lowered by central nitric oxide (NO). We have therefore evaluated NO synthase (NOS) activity as well as neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS) protein(More)
This review summarizes our findings concerning the altered balance of vasoactive systems (namely sympathetic nervous system and nitric oxide) in various forms of experimental hypertension--genetic hypertension (SHR, HTG rats), salt hypertension (Dahl rats) and NO-deficient hypertension (L-NAME-treated rats). An attempt is made to define relative NO(More)
Factors modulating cardiac susceptibility to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) are permanently attracting the attention of experimental cardiology research. We investigated, whether continuous 24 h/day light exposure of rats can modify cardiac response to I/R, NO-synthase (NOS) activity and the level of oxidative load represented by conjugated dienes (CD)(More)
N(G)-Nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertension is a well established model of experimental hypertension. Although regression experiments are effective at approximating a clinical setting the reversal of already established L-NAME hypertension has not been intensively researched. We investigated whether spontaneous regression of L-NAME(More)
Obesity has a profound adverse impact on health. In this study, we present evidence for high-fat diet (HFD)-induced emergence of brown-like adipocytes in white adipose tissue (WAT) of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). We studied adult males fed a HFD or normal diet (ND) for 12 weeks. At the end of the 12-week dietary intervention, HFD compared with(More)
Fifty years ago, Lewis K. Dahl has presented a new model of salt hypertension - salt-sensitive and salt-resistant Dahl rats. Twenty years later, John P. Rapp has published the first and so far the only comprehensive review on this rat model covering numerous aspects of pathophysiology and genetics of salt hypertension. When we summarized 25 years of our own(More)
Obesity is a leading cause of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Molecular signals produced by adipose tissue may contribute to the pathogenesis of these two disorders. We showed previously that a specific segment of rat chromosome 20 (RNO20) contains a gene(s) regulating the degree of obesity, glucose intolerance, and hypertension in response to a chronic(More)
Both brain and peripheral nitric oxide (NO) play a role in the control of blood pressure and circulatory homeostasis. Central NO production seems to counteract angiotensin II-induced enhancement of sympathetic tone. The aim of our study was to evaluate NO synthase (NOS) activity and protein expression of its three isoforms--neuronal (nNOS), endothelial NOS(More)
High plasma triglyceride (TG) level is a major independent risk factor of coronary heart disease. A newly identified Apolipoprotein A5 (Apoa5) gene has been shown to play an important role in determining plasma TG concentrations in humans and mice. Prague hereditary hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) rats are a useful model of human hypertriglyceridemia and other(More)
We have searched for polymorphism of inducible nitric oxide synthase gene (Nos2 gene) in the Prague colony of salt-sensitive and salt-resistant Dahl/Rapp rats. Specific primers were used to confirm previously described Nos2 gene polymorphism because this gene was suggested to be a potential candidate gene for genetic hypertension. Phenotyping (blood(More)
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