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Bleomycin (BLM) is a drug used to treat different types of neoplasms. BLM's most severe adverse effect is lung toxicity, which induces remodeling of lung architecture and loss of pulmonary function, rapidly leading to death. While its clinical role as an anticancer agent is limited, its use in experimental settings is widespread since BLM is one of the most(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are induced by stressful stimuli and have been shown to protect cells and organs from such stresses both in vitro and in vivo, and play a positive role in lifespan determination. An attenuated response to stress is characteristic of senescence and no Hsp induction is observed upon exposure to stress and no protective effect of a(More)
Sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and micronuclei (MN) analysis was carried out on 1,650 healthy individuals living in Pisa and in two nearby small cities, Cascina and Navacchio (Ca-Na). The effect of smoking on SCEs was linearly correlated with the number of cigarettes per day, and an increase of 7.3% SCEs was detectable for as few cigarettes as 1-10/day.(More)
Obesity is a complex pathology with interacting and confounding causes due to the environment, hormonal signaling patterns, and genetic predisposition. At present, the Zucker rat is an eligible genetic model for research on obesity and metabolic syndrome, allowing scrutiny of gene expression profiles. Real-time PCR is the benchmark method for measuring mRNA(More)
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) was recently found in the myocardium, but possible insights into differences between atrium and ventricle production are so far lacking. Our aim was to evaluate, in an experimental model of pacing-induced heart failure (HF), plasma and tissue levels of CNP and mRNA expression of the peptide and of its specific receptor,(More)
Natriuretic peptide binding sites on platelets have been hypothesized to act as clearance receptors; however, there is no clear definition of the function of this receptor. The aim of the study was: 1) to characterize natriuretic peptide receptors in human platelets by original competition study; 2) to evaluate a possible age modulation of these binding(More)
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) plasma levels are extremely low and a pre-analytical phase is necessary to assay plasma CNP concentrations. Amino-terminal CNP (NT-proCNP) circulates at higher concentrations than CNP, allowing a direct assay and the use of smaller amounts of plasma. Aim of this study was to evaluate the analytical performance of a direct(More)
We evaluated the analytical characteristics and clinical usefulness of a commercial immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) kit for brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). Mean (+/-SD) plasma BNP concentrations measured in 129 normal subjects were 2.9+/-2.7 pmol/l (median 2.2 pmol/l; range 0.1-12.4 pmol/l). The mean (+/- SD) value observed in healthy men (2.1 +/- 2.0(More)
The mechanisms that mediate the cardioprotective action of steroid hormones in postmenopausal women are poorly understood. To study the inter-relationship between female steroid hormones and cardiac natriuretic peptides, plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were measured in postmenopausal women, both before(More)
In order to study the relationships between sex hormones, aging, and circulating levels of cardiac natriuretic peptides and to define reference values for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) assays, we measured the plasma levels of cardiac natriuretic peptides in a large group of healthy adults divided according to age and(More)