Silvia del Ry

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Sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and micronuclei (MN) analysis was carried out on 1,650 healthy individuals living in Pisa and in two nearby small cities, Cascina and Navacchio (Ca-Na). The effect of smoking on SCEs was linearly correlated with the number of cigarettes per day, and an increase of 7.3% SCEs was detectable for as few cigarettes as 1-10/day.(More)
Obesity is a complex pathology with interacting and confounding causes due to the environment, hormonal signaling patterns, and genetic predisposition. At present, the Zucker rat is an eligible genetic model for research on obesity and metabolic syndrome, allowing scrutiny of gene expression profiles. Real-time PCR is the benchmark method for measuring mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND [corrected] C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), secreted by the endothelium and the heart, is structurally related to atrial and brain natriuretic peptides, but its clinical significance in chronic heart failure (CHF) is controversial. AIM To investigate the role of CNP in CHF, plasma CNP levels were determined in a prospective series of 133(More)
Fat is now considered as an endocrine organ that produces a lot of molecules having biological activity, called adipocytokines. Among these, adiponectin, a 247 amino acid protein produced abundantly and specifically by adipose tissue, besides its effects on glucose metabolism, plays important protective function against cardiovascular diseases. Circulating(More)
Bleomycin (BLM) is a drug used to treat different types of neoplasms. BLM's most severe adverse effect is lung toxicity, which induces remodeling of lung architecture and loss of pulmonary function, rapidly leading to death. While its clinical role as an anticancer agent is limited, its use in experimental settings is widespread since BLM is one of the most(More)
Natriuretic peptides are endogenous hormones released by the heart in response to myocardial stretch and overload. While atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP, BNP) were immediately considered cardiac hormones and their role was well-characterized and defined in predicting risk in cardiovascular disease, evidence indicating the role of C-type(More)
BACKGROUND Overexpression of heat shock proteins (Hsps) is associated to myocardial protection and it has been suggested that they could be a marker of cardiac preservation in conditions such as extracorporeal circulation. Aim of this study was to evaluate if cardioplegic arrest can modify the expression of Hsps in the heart and if this alteration is(More)
Real-time PCR is the benchmark method for measuring mRNA expression levels, but the accuracy and reproducibility of its data greatly depend on appropriate normalization strategies. Though the minipig model is largely used to study cardiovascular disease, no specific reference genes have been identified in porcine myocardium. The aim of the study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Vasculogenesis is a hallmark of myocardial restoration. Post-ischemic late remodeling is associated with pathology and function worsening. At the same time, neo-vasculogenesis helps function improving and requires the release of vascular endothelial growth factor type A (VEGF-A). The vasculogenic role of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), a(More)
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) plasma levels are extremely low and a pre-analytical phase is necessary to assay plasma CNP concentrations. Amino-terminal CNP (NT-proCNP) circulates at higher concentrations than CNP, allowing a direct assay and the use of smaller amounts of plasma. Aim of this study was to evaluate the analytical performance of a direct(More)