Silvia Vitagliano

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The aim of this study was to demonstrate paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) involvement in the cardiovascular changes induced by N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) microinjections at the level of periaqueductal grey (PAG) matter. The study was carried out in anaesthetized rats and the arterial blood pressure monitored by a polygraph. NMDA injections(More)
BACKGROUND Phthorimaea operculella is a key pest of potato. The authors characterised the P. operculella olfactory system, selected the most bioactive host plant volatiles and evaluated their potential application in pest management. The electrophysiological responses of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) housed in long sensilla trichodea of P. operculella(More)
The neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate is known to specifically enhance NMDA-gated currents in spinal cord neurons. The response does not appear to be mediated by the glycine/NMDA modulatory site. Here we found that pregnenolone sulfate significantly increased the convulsant potency of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), but not of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ). In(More)
The present study has been carried out to determine if glycine, an allosteric modulator of NMDA receptor, is involved in the vascular effect induced by the activation of the CNS NMDA receptors.Icv NMDA (from 0.01 to 1µg/rat in the 3rd ventricle) caused a significant increase in arterial blood pressure in conscious freely moving rats. Moreover, the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether blockade of excitatory amino acid receptors at the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius would influence respiratory activity. This was done by microinjecting excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists into the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius of alpha-chloralose-anesthetized(More)
Effects of intracerebroventricular (third ventricle) injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on arterial blood pressure, on heart rate, on arginine vasopressin (AVP) and levels of catecholamines in plasma and on the behaviour of normotensive freely-moving rats have been evaluated. N-Methyl-D-aspartate significantly (P less than 0.01) increased arterial(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO) is involved in cardiorespiratory regulation in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). Unilateral microinjections (50 nl) of the NO-donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 40-100-200 mM), into the NTS of anaesthetized rats elicited dose-dependent apnea (7.3 +/- 2.3 sec; 28.6 +/- 5.7 sec; 35.6 +/- 6.4(More)
We investigated the possible relationship between endothelin-1 injection into the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray area and the glutamatergic system in the control of cardiovascular function. Endothelin-1 was injected into the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray area of freely moving rats at doses ranging from 0.1 to 10 pmol. Endothelin-1 increased arterial(More)
The local application of cobalt reversibly blocks calcium-channel conductance and therefore synaptic transmission. In this study pretreatment with a solution of cobalt (100 mM) in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of anaesthetized rats significantly blocked the apnea (P < 0.01) and arterial hypotension induced by L-glutamate (25 mM) and(More)
We investigated the effect of the polyamine spermidine (SPD) (0.01-1 microgram/rat) on hypertension induced by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) (0.1 microgram/rat) microinjected into the latero-caudal periaqueductal gray (PAG) area of freely moving rats. Pretreatment with a low dose of SPD (0.01 microgram/rat) significantly increased NMDA-induced hypertension.(More)