Silvia Vianello

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Myostatin, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass in mammals. We have studied myostatin expression during embryonic and post-hatching development in zebrafish by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The transcript is present in just-fertilized eggs and declines at 8 h post-fertilization (hpf),(More)
This work describes the molecular cloning of the cDNA encoding the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) brain cytochrome P450arom by means of reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) analyses. The results obtained demonstrate that, as in other teleost fishes, the trout genome(More)
To investigate the potential of intracrine or paracrine estrogen synthesis and action in the human thyroid gland and thyroid tumors, the presence of the messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) of both cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) and estrogen receptor (ER) was investigated by RT-PCR with primers designed on the respective coding regions and Southern(More)
In the male rat, the mRNA of the steroidogenic cytochrome P450c17 is expressed extraglandularly in the stomach, duodenum, kidney and liver, throughout the animal's lifespan, as demonstrated by reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis with specific primers. Northern analysis indicated that all tissues, except the kidney, contain(More)
The expression of cytochrome P450scc, encoded by the CYP11A gene, was investigated in the rat kidney from birth to adulthood. In the male and female rat kidneys, the corresponding mRNA was detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis with specific primers, resulting in higher levels of expression during(More)
We have investigated the metabolism of [14C]-labelled progesterone (P4) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) by kidney tissues of newborn and 7-, 15-, 30-, 60- and 365-day-old rats of both sexes. The following enzymes were revealed at all ages by radiochemical identification of the corresponding products: 5alpha-reductase, cytochromes P450c17 and P450c21,(More)
We report the occurrence of two CYP19b genes, namely CYP19b-I and CYP19b-II, encoding forms I and II of cytochrome P450aromB, the prevalently cerebral variant of aromatase in fish, in the nuclear genome of the rainbow trout. The CYP19b-I gene is 7.6 kbp-long, more than double the size of the known fish CYP19a and b genes, owing to the presence of three(More)
In vertebrates, growth hormone (GH) gene expression requires the pituitary-specific transcription factor Pit-1/GHF1 but is differently regulated by a variety of factors in different vertebrate species. Here, we have studied the transcriptional activity of the trout GH (tGH) promoter, which is synergistically stimulated by cAMP and glucocorticoid. Gel shift(More)
In the adult rat, the duodenal tissue of both sexes can convert progesterone to 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, androstenedione and testosterone. The transition from C21 to C19 steroids is apparently controlled by the same cytochrome P450c17 expressed in the testis, which catalyzes both 17alpha-hydroxylation and C-17,20 bond scission at a single bifunctional(More)