Silvia Vianello

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This work describes the molecular cloning of the cDNA encoding the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) brain cytochrome P450arom by means of reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) analyses. The results obtained demonstrate that, as in other teleost fishes, the trout genome(More)
The mechanisms involved in the transcriptional regulation of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) growth hormone (tGH) gene have been investigated. Transient transfection assays, using deletion mutants of the tGH promoter, demonstrated that the -226/+24 5'-flanking region, bearing three binding sites for the pituitary-specific transcription factor(More)
Myostatin, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass in mammals. We have studied myostatin expression during embryonic and post-hatching development in zebrafish by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The transcript is present in just-fertilized eggs and declines at 8 h post-fertilization (hpf),(More)
We conducted a study on 165 women with thyroid cancer and 214 hospital controls in order to investigate the role of reproductive and hormonal factors in the aetiology of thyroid cancer. Late age at menarche (Relative risk (RR) for menarche at greater than or equal to 14 vs less than or equal to 11 = 2.8), menstrual irregularity (RR = 1.7), late age at first(More)
In vertebrates, growth hormone (GH) gene expression requires the pituitary-specific transcription factor Pit-1/GHF1 but is differently regulated by a variety of factors in different vertebrate species. Here, we have studied the transcriptional activity of the trout GH (tGH) promoter, which is synergistically stimulated by cAMP and glucocorticoid. Gel shift(More)
We have investigated the developmental pattern of expression and activity of 17alpha-hydroxylase/C-17,20-lyase cytochrome P450 (cytochrome P450c17) in the liver, stomach, duodenum, and testis of rats from day 18 of pregnancy to adulthood. In the male liver, the enzyme became detectable at birth (135 pmol/mg protein x min) at a level comparable to that in(More)
In the male rat, the mRNA of the steroidogenic cytochrome P450c17 is expressed extraglandularly in the stomach, duodenum, kidney and liver, throughout the animal's lifespan, as demonstrated by reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis with specific primers. Northern analysis indicated that all tissues, except the kidney, contain(More)
Growth hormone (GH) gene expression in mammals is regulated by the interaction of the transcription factor Pit-1 with two binding sites within the proximal promoter. Four sequences, homologous to the mammalian Pit-1 motif occur in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) GHII (rtGH) gene promoter, two of which partly overlap. The three regions containing(More)
We have investigated the metabolism of [14C]-labelled progesterone (P4) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) by kidney tissues of newborn and 7-, 15-, 30-, 60- and 365-day-old rats of both sexes. The following enzymes were revealed at all ages by radiochemical identification of the corresponding products: 5alpha-reductase, cytochromes P450c17 and P450c21,(More)
To investigate the potential of intracrine or paracrine estrogen synthesis and action in the human thyroid gland and thyroid tumors, the presence of the messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) of both cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) and estrogen receptor (ER) was investigated by RT-PCR with primers designed on the respective coding regions and Southern(More)