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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with chronic ventilatory failure (CVF) are more likely to develop exacerbations, which are an important determinant of health-related quality of life (HRQL). Long-term noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) has been proposed in addition to long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) to treat CVF but little(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the family history of epilepsy in first degree relatives of probands with epilepsy. METHODS A sample of 10787 patients with epilepsy with complete information about first degree relatives (parents, siblings and offspring) was selected from the database of the Episcreen Project, the largest Italian observational study on epilepsy.(More)
BACKGROUND Uveal melanoma is the most frequent primary tumour of the eye. It is molecularly clearly distinct from cutaneous melanoma and shows a different pattern of driver mutations. The influence of sunlight ultraviolet (UV) exposure on the aetiology of uveal melanoma is a matter of debate. The recent identification of driver mutations in the promoter of(More)
Most patients affected by Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM, grade IV glioma) experience a recurrence of the disease because of the spreading of tumor cells beyond surgical boundaries. Unveiling mechanisms causing this process is a logic goal to impair the killing capacity of GBM cells by molecular targeting. We noticed that our long-term GBM cultures,(More)
BACKGROUND Differentiated thyroid carcinoma offers a good model to investigate the possible correlation between specific gene mutations and chromosome instability. Papillary thyroid neoplasms are characterized by different mutually exclusive genetic alterations, some of which are associated with aneuploidy and aggressive phenotype. RESULTS We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Whether microgravity might influence tumour growth and carcinogenesis is still an open issue. It is not clear also if and how normal and transformed cells are differently solicited by microgravity. The present study was designed to verify this issue. METHODS Two normal, LB and HSC93, and two transformed, Jurkat and 1310, lymphoblast cell lines(More)
Treatment of cells with DNA damaging agents leads to induction of a variety of genes involved in different cellular processes. We have applied a lacZ-based gene trap strategy to search for new mammalian genes induced by genotoxic stress. A population of 32 x 10(3) neo r clones stably transfected with a gene trap vector was obtained, stained with fluorescein(More)
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