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Exposure of freshly drawn lymphocytes and lymphoblastoid cells (LB and COR3) to simulated microgravity decreased the intracellular ATP concentration to 50%-40% of the value found in normal growth conditions. The decrease was reversible although recovery to normal values occurred only slowly both in lymphocytes and in lymphoblastoid cells. Poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) results from the accumulation of monoclonal CD5+ B cells. Despite its homogeneity at cellular level, B-CLL is clinically heterogeneous. Clinical studies indicate that CD38+ B-CLL are characterized by a more aggressive clinical course than are CD38- B-CLL. On the basis of these studies and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We have previously reported on a complex chromosome rearrangement [der(17)] in a B-cell line, BRG A, established from an AIDS patient with Burkitt's lymphoma (BL). The aim of the present study was the definition of der(17) composition and the identification of complete or partial chromosome gains and losses in two cell clones (BRG A(More)
BACKGROUND Whether microgravity might influence tumour growth and carcinogenesis is still an open issue. It is not clear also if and how normal and transformed cells are differently solicited by microgravity. The present study was designed to verify this issue. METHODS Two normal, LB and HSC93, and two transformed, Jurkat and 1310, lymphoblast cell lines(More)
We adopted a simple experimental framework to follow the dependence of structural aberrations and the modifications in selected metabolic processes correlated with the exposure of cells to microgravity. Alterations to the cellular metabolism induced by exposure to microgravity are evidentiated in the modification of PARP activity (strongly dependent to the(More)
Ten compounds selected for use within a coordinated Commission of the European Communities programme on aneuploidy induction (cadmium chloride, chloral hydrate, colchicine, diazepam, econazole, hydroquinone, pyrimethamine, thiabendazole, thimerosal and vinblastine) were tested for their ability to induce CREST-positive micronuclei in cultured human diploid(More)
The chromosomes from a methotrexate (MTX)-resistant and its parental V79,B7 Chinese hamster cell line were analysed by the combined use of flow karyotyping and sorting, metaphase analysis and in situ hybridization with a probe for the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene responsible for methotrexate resistance. A marker chromosome with an elongated arm(More)
The induction by diethylsulphate of micronuclei derived from acentric fragments or from whole chromosomes was studied in Chinese hamster V79 cells using autoantibodies from the serum of a scleroderma patient (CREST-syndrome) to detect centromere--kinetochore structures. Centromere-containing micronuclei appeared early after treatment and plateaued both(More)