Silvia Varechova

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Stimulation of afferent nerves in upper airways may contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic cough in chronic disorders of nose and/or sinuses. We tested the hypothesis that stimulation of the nasal afferent nerves enhances experimentally-induced cough. Intranasal administration of capsaicin (50 microM, 25 microl) did not evoke cough in anaesthetized cats,(More)
Studies in healthy adult volunteers and patients with chronic cough have shown that women have increased cough sensitivity to inhaled tussigenic stimuli, including capsaicin. The explanation for this phenomenon remains unknown, although the influence of pubertal changes (dimensional, hormonal) may play a role. In the present study we set out to examine the(More)
In the present study we investigated the possibility of central convergence of neural pathways coming from distant anatomical regions in modulating the cough response. We addressed this issue by inducing cough from the tracheo-bronchial region on the background of capsaicin-stimulated and mesocain-blocked nasal mucosa in 14 anesthetized guinea pigs. The(More)
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is one of the most common causes of chronic cough; however, the mechanisms by which GOR initiates coughing are incompletely understood. We address the hypothesis that acidification of oesophagus acutely increases the cough reflex sensitivity in patients with GORD and chronic cough. Nine patients with GORD with(More)
Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) detection of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) to identify asthma has good specificity but rather low sensitivity. The aim was to test whether sensitivity may be improved by measuring respiratory resistance (Rrs) by the forced oscillation technique (FOT). Forty-seven asthmatic and 50 control children (5–12 y)(More)
BACKGROUND The measurement of specific airway resistance during tidal breathing (sRaw(tb)) has gained popularity in children, but methodological concerns have been raised regarding the electronic compensation for the thermal artifact. The panting method (sRaw(p)) is efficient in minimizing the latter, but may be associated with a change in end expiratory(More)
Aspirative capnography may be of help to diagnose early childhood asthma, but clinical usefulness in young children is limited by the relatively high respiratory rate. This study aimed to characterize the [Formula: see text] time course during airway constriction in 8 anesthetized rabbits, artificially ventilated at 30, 60 and 80breaths/min. Methacholine(More)
Experimental and clinical studies performed in adults revealed that gastresophageal reflux disease (GORD) is associated with an appreciable increase in cough reflex sensitivity (CRS). The association between respiratory diseases and GORD is also present in children, but there is little evidence that GORD without aspiration of refluxate (proximal reflux) is(More)
Expiration reflex and cough may have distinct afferent pathways and/or central integrative mechanisms that may both result in different stimulus response latencies. A newly described method that uses a punctuate mechanical tracheal stimulus to provoke defensive ventilatory reflexes should allow the stimulus response latency to be calculated with reasonable(More)
The 'cough center' can be tuned by various afferent inputs, suggesting possible interactions at a central level of neural pathways originating from distant anatomical sites. The present study was designed to determine whether brief mechanical stimulation of the trachea can trigger cough during apnea elicited by nasal instillation of water. Twelve(More)