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Nine children (five males, four females; age range 6 years 1 month to 11 years 1 month) affected by benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal or Rolandic spikes (BECRS) with EEG evidence of marked activation of interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) during sleep, and nine unaffected control children matched for age, sex, and socioeconomic status,(More)
PURPOSE To achieve clinical validation of cutoff values for newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry through a worldwide collaborative effort. METHODS Cumulative percentiles of amino acids and acylcarnitines in dried blood spots of approximately 25–30 million normal newborns and 10,742 deidentified true positive cases are compared to assign clinical(More)
PURPOSE Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is characterized by a marked increase of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) during sleep. During nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, neuronal membrane potential oscillations lead to the appearance of spindles and delta waves in the surface EEG and might develop into paroxysmal synchronization. Spectral analysis(More)
An 18 year old man and his mother both presented with persistent, isolated raised serum creatine kinase (hyperCKaemia) without muscle symptoms. Analysis of caveolin-3 protein expression in muscle biopsy of the propositus showed a reduction in the protein. Genetic analysis revealed a new heterozygous mutation in the caveolin-3 (CAV-3) gene: a C-->T(More)
Early diagnosis of males with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is essential for preventing loss of life due to adrenal insufficiency and for timely therapy of the childhood cerebral form of X-ALD with hematopoietic cell transplantation. This article describes X-ALD, the current therapies, the history of the development of the newborn screening test,(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn screening (NBS) for inborn errors of propionate, methionine, and cobalamin metabolism relies on finding abnormal concentrations of methionine and propionylcarnitine. These analytes are not specific for these conditions and lead to frequent false-positive results. More specific markers are total homocysteine (tHCY), methylmalonic acid(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn screening for maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) relies on finding increased concentrations of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) leucine, isoleucine, and valine by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). d-Alloisoleucine (allo-Ile) is the only pathognomonic marker of MSUD, but it cannot be identified by existing screening methods because it(More)
BACKGROUND Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is caused by reduced frataxin (FXN) concentrations. A clinical diagnosis is typically confirmed by DNA-based assays for GAA-repeat expansions or mutations in the FXN (frataxin) gene; however, these assays are not applicable to therapeutic monitoring and population screening. To facilitate the diagnosis and monitoring of(More)
The carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein (CDG) syndromes are multisystemic disorders involving the glycosylation pathway. The most common subtype is CDG syndrome type I (CDG I). In most CDG I patients a phosphomannomutase (PMM) deficiency has been recognized as the basic defect. We made a neurophysiological evaluation in an 8-year-old boy affected by CDG I(More)
Tyrosinemia type I (TYRSN1, TYR I) is caused by fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) deficiency and affects approximately one in 100,000 individuals worldwide. Pathogenic variants in FAH cause TYRSN1, which induces cirrhosis and can progress to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TYRSN1 is characterized by the production of a pathognomonic metabolite,(More)
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