Silvia Tortorelli

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Nine children (five males, four females; age range 6 years 1 month to 11 years 1 month) affected by benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal or Rolandic spikes (BECRS) with EEG evidence of marked activation of interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) during sleep, and nine unaffected control children matched for age, sex, and socioeconomic status,(More)
BACKGROUND Tyrosinemia type I (TYR 1) is a disorder causing early death if left untreated. Newborn screening (NBS) for this condition is problematic because determination of the diagnostic marker, succinylacetone (SUAC), requires a separate first-tier or only partially effective second-tier analysis based on tyrosine concentration. To overcome these(More)
Medium-chain acyl-coA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is a commonly detected fatty acid oxidation disorder and its diagnosis relies on both biochemical and molecular analyses. Over a 5-year period, sequencing all 12 exons of the MCAD gene (ACADM) in our laboratory revealed a total of 54 variants in 549 subjects analyzed. As most molecular ACADM testing is(More)
Utilizing combined liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) as the analytical method, we have demonstrated a ten to sixtyfold excess of lysophosphatidyl choline containing hexacosanoic acid (26:0) in dried blood spots on a filter paper matrix from 25 male patients with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy and nine patients with peroxisome(More)
The expansion of newborn screening programs to include multiplex testing by tandem mass spectrometry requires understanding and close monitoring of performance metrics. This is not done consistently because of lack of defined targets, and interlaboratory comparison is almost nonexistent. Between July 2004 and April 2006 (N=176,185 cases), the overall(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn screening (NBS) for inborn errors of propionate, methionine, and cobalamin metabolism relies on finding abnormal concentrations of methionine and propionylcarnitine. These analytes are not specific for these conditions and lead to frequent false-positive results. More specific markers are total homocysteine (tHCY), methylmalonic acid(More)
Glutaric acidemia type I (GA-1) is a progressive neurodegenerative inborn error of metabolism that typically manifests acutely in infants during an intercurrent illness. The diagnosis is established biochemically by the detection of glutaric acid and 3-hydroxy glutaric acid in urine and glutarylcarnitine in plasma. However, some patients excrete only small(More)
Untreated classic galactosemia (galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase [GALT] deficiency) is known as a secondary congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) characterized by galactose deficiency of glycoproteins and glycolipids (processing defect or CDG-II). The mechanism of this undergalactosylation has not been established. Here we show that in(More)
PURPOSE Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency is a defect in valine metabolism and was first reported in a child with cardiomyopathy, anemia, and secondary carnitine deficiency. We identified 13 isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase-deficient patients through newborn screening due to an elevation of C4-acylcarnitine in dried blood spots. Because C4-acylcarnitine(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate a 2-tier approach for newborn screening (NBS) of remethylation defects. STUDY DESIGN The original NBS dried blood spots of 5 patients with a proven diagnosis of a remethylation disorder and 1 patient with biochemical evidence of such disorder were analyzed retrospectively to determine disease ranges for methionine (Met; 4.7-8.1(More)