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The interaction of integrins with extracellular matrix is known to promote cell survival by inhibiting apoptotic signaling. In contrast, we demonstrate here that the alpha6beta4 integrin induces apoptosis in carcinoma cells by stimulating p53 function. Specifically, we show that expression of alpha6beta4 in carcinoma cells that lack this integrin stimulates(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor gene is activated in response to DNA damage resulting in either growth arrest or apoptosis. We previously demonstrated the specific involvement of homeodomain interacting protein-kinase 2 (HIPK2), a nuclear serine/threonine kinase, in inducing p53-dependent apoptosis through selective p53 phosphorylation at serine 46 after severe(More)
Different cell types (e.g., neurons, skeletal and heart myocytes, adipocytes, keratinocytes) undergo terminal differentiation, in which acquisition of specialized functions entails definitive withdrawal from the cell cycle. Such cells are distinct from quiescent (reversibly growth-arrested) cells, such as contact-inhibited fibroblasts. Terminally(More)
Mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) are associated with Rett syndrome and other neurological disorders. MeCP2 represses transcription mainly by recruiting various co-repressor complexes. Recently, MeCP2 phosphorylation at Ser 80, Ser 229 and Ser 421 was shown to occur in the brain and modulate MeCP2 silencing activities. However, the(More)
Phosphorylation of p53 at Ser 46 was shown to regulate p53 apoptotic activity. Here we demonstrate that homeodomain-interacting protein kinase-2 (HIPK2), a member of a novel family of nuclear serine/threonine kinases, binds to and activates p53 by directly phosphorylating it at Ser 46. HIPK2 localizes with p53 and PML-3 into the nuclear bodies and is(More)
During normal cell cycles, the function of mitotic cyclin-cdk1 complexes, as well as of cdc25C phosphatase, is required for G2 phase progression. Accordingly, the G2 arrest induced by DNA damage is associated with a down-regulation of mitotic cyclins, cdk1, and cdc25C phosphatase expression. We found that the promoter activity of these genes is repressed in(More)
Terminally differentiated cells are specialized cells unable to proliferate that constitute most of the mammalian body. Despite their abundance, little information exists on the characteristics of cell cycle control in these cells and the molecular mechanisms that prevent their proliferation. They are generally believed to be irreversibly restricted to the(More)
The involvement of p53 protein in cell differentiation has been recently suggested by some observations made with tumor cells and the correlation found between differentiation and increased levels of p53. However, the effect of p53 on differentiation is in apparent contrast with the normal development of p53-null mice. To test directly whether p53 has a(More)
Overexpression of wild-type p53 gene in malignant cell lines has been shown to inhibit cell proliferation in a number of cases. However, endogenous p53 protein seems to play little role in normal cell-cycle control as suggested by the normal development of p53 null mice, and by the low p53 protein levels expressed in most cell types. Recently, increased(More)
The TP53INP1 gene encodes two protein isoforms, TP53INP1alpha and TP53INP1beta, located into the nucleus. Their synthesis is increased during cellular stress by p53-mediated activation of transcription. Overexpression of these isoforms induces apoptosis, suggesting an involvement of TP53INP1s in p53-mediated cell death. It was recently shown that(More)