Silvia Senesi

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The redox state of the intraluminal pyridine nucleotide pool was investigated in rat liver microsomal vesicles. The vesicles showed cortisone reductase activity in the absence of added reductants, which was dependent on the integrity of the membrane. The intraluminal pyridine nucleotide pool could be oxidized by the addition of cortisone or metyrapone but(More)
The functional coupling of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase was investigated in rat liver microsomal vesicles. The activity of both enzymes was latent in intact vesicles, indicating the intraluminal localization of their active sites. Glucose-6-phosphate, a substrate for hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase,(More)
Hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PD) is a luminal enzyme of the endoplasmic reticulum that is distinguished from cytosolic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase by several features. H6PD converts glucose-6-phosphate and NADP(+) to 6-phosphogluconate and NADPH, thereby catalyzing the first two reactions of the pentose-phosphate pathway. Because the(More)
Stress is the imbalance of homeostasis, which can be sensed even at the subcellular level. The stress-sensing capability of various organelles including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has been described. It has become evident that acute or prolonged ER stress plays an important role in many human diseases; especially those involving organs/tissues(More)
11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1, expressed mainly in the endoplasmic reticulum of adipocytes and hepatocytes, plays an important role in the prereceptorial activation of glucocorticoids. In liver endoplasmic reticulum-derived microsomal vesicles, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced supply to the enzyme is guaranteed by a tight(More)
Glucose 6-phosphate transport has been well characterized in liver microsomes. The transport is required for the functioning of the glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme that is situated in the lumen of the hepatic endoplasmic reticulum. The genetic deficiency of the glucose 6-phosphate transport activity causes a severe metabolic disease termed type 1b glycogen(More)
Preadipocyte differentiation is greatly affected by prereceptorial glucocorticoid activation catalyzed by 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. The role of the local NADPH pool in this process was investigated using metyrapone as an NADPH-depleting agent. Metyrapone administered at low micromolar(More)
11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11betaHSD1) is a NADP(H)-dependent oxidoreductase of the ER lumen, which may have an important role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. Here, the functional coupling of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH) was investigated in rat liver microsomal vesicles.(More)
The present study demonstrates the expression of hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in human neutrophils, and the presence and activity of these enzymes in the microsomal fraction of the cells. Their concerted action together with the previously described glucose-6-phosphate transporter is responsible for(More)