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T helper (Th)17 cells producing interleukin (IL)-17 play a role in autoimmune and allergic inflammation. Here, we show that IL-23 induces IL-17 in the lung and IL-17 is required during antigen sensitization to develop allergic asthma, as shown in IL-17R-deficient mice. Since IL-17 expression increased further upon antigen challenge, we addressed its(More)
The molecular mechanisms of acute lung injury resulting in inflammation and fibrosis are not well established. Here we investigate the roles of the IL-1 receptor 1 (IL-1R1) and the common adaptor for Toll/IL-1R signal transduction, MyD88, in this process using a murine model of acute pulmonary injury. Bleomycin insult results in expression of neutrophil and(More)
Epithelial neutrophil-activating protein 78 (ENA-78) is a member of the CXC chemokines and acts as a potent chemoattractant and activator of neutrophil function. On stimulation in vitro, ENA-78 is highly expressed in many cell types. ENA-78 protein levels are strongly elevated in synovial fluid and blood of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. By in situ(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) can either protect from or exacerbate allergic asthma. Lipopolysaccharides trigger immune responses through toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) that in turn activates two major signalling pathways via either MyD88 or TRIF adaptor proteins. The LPS is a pro-Type 1 T(More)
Recent studies on endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute inflammatory response in the lung are reviewed. The acute airway inflammatory response to inhaled endotoxin is mediated through Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and CD14 signalling as mice deficient for TLR4 or CD14 are unresponsive to endotoxin. Acute bronchoconstriction, tumour necrosis factor(More)
The goal of the present study was to determine if immune-mediated killing of S. stercoralis L3 in mice could be modulated by shifting from a Th-2 to a Th-1 type immune response. L3 killing in immunized mice was ablated in CD4+ T cell-depleted animals, but not in CD8+ T cell-depleted or beta 2-microglobulin-deficient mice. Treatment of immunized mice with(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR)4 is critical for endotoxin recognition and cellular responses. Using Tlr4 transgenic mice, we investigated the influence of Tlr4 gene dosage on acute respiratory response to endotoxin. Transgenic mice expressing three, six, or 30 copies of Tlr4, control, and Tlr4-deficient mice received intranasal administration of(More)
Inhaled endotoxin induces an inflammatory response that contributes to the development and severity of asthma and other forms of airway disease. Here, we show that inhaled endotoxin-induced acute bronchoconstriction, TNF, IL-12p40, and KC production, protein leak, and neutrophil recruitment in the lung are abrogated in mice deficient for the adaptor(More)
Functional diversity of the memory T-cell-derived cytokine IL-17 was explored at the receptor level. IL-17 inhibited TNF-induced chemokine Rantes expression in human synovial fibroblasts and mouse lung fibroblasts. This inhibitory activity of IL-17 (IC50=0.2 ng/ml) was 6-fold more potent than its stimulatory activity on TNF-alpha-induced IL-6 secretion(More)
Cellular functions induced by cytokine interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-4 signaling through signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat)6 typify a Th2-type immune response. We investigated the inhibitor effect of the NFkappaB blocker parthenolide in the late-phase, Th2-type immune response. Parthenolide blocked by 90.6 +/- 7.4% the IL-4-induced(More)