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c-Src and Bcr-Abl are two cytoplasmatic tyrosine kinases (TKs) involved in the development of malignancies. In particular, Bcr-Abl is the etiologic agent of chronic myeloid leukemia, where Src is also involved; the latter is hyperactivated in several solid tumors. Because of the structural homology between Src and Abl, several compounds originally(More)
The lack of selective inhibitors toward the long, short, or supershort phosphodiesterases (PDE4s) prevented researchers from carefully defining the connection between different enzyme isoforms, their brain localization, and their role in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the search for new therapeutic agents for treating memory(More)
Novel 1,4,6-trisubstituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines are reported with preliminary in vitro activity data indicating that several of them are potent inhibitors (better than the reference compound) of Src phosphorylation of the breast cancer cells 8701-BC, known to overexpress Src. The ability of such compounds to significantly reduce 8701-BC cell(More)
Adenosine is a naturally occurring purine nucleoside that has a wide variety of well-documented regulatory functions and physiological roles. Selective activation of the adenosine A1 receptor has drawn attention in drug discovery for the therapeutic effects on neural and cardiovascular disorders. We have developed a model of the human A1 adenosine receptor(More)
mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) is a serine-threonine kinase belonging to the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signalling pathway that is involved in several cell functions, including growth, proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy. mTOR hyperactivation has been detected in several human cancers, thus representing, together with its upstream effectors, an important target(More)
Efficacy of currently approved anti-HIV drugs is hampered by mutations of the viral enzymes, leading invariably to drug resistance and chemotherapy failure. Recent data suggest that cellular co-factors also represent useful targets for anti-HIV therapy. Here we describe the identification of the first small molecules specifically designed to inhibit the(More)
Angiogenesis is a tightly regulated process that leads to the formation of new blood vessels sprouting from pre-existing microvasculature and occurs in limited physiological conditions or under pathological situations such as retinopathies, arthritis, endometriosis and cancer. Blockade of angiogenesis is an attractive approach for the treatment of such(More)
The recent launch onto the market of five VEGFR inhibitors indicates the therapeutic value of these agents and the importance of the research in the field of angiogenesis inhibitors for future oncologic therapy. In this Perspective we briefly report the inhibitors that are in clinical use, while we dedicate two wider sections to the compounds that are in(More)
In this study, we evaluated the activity of two novel pyrazolopyrimidine derivatives (Si 34 and Si 35) against ARO cells, a human anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line. ARO cells exposed to different concentrations of the drugs showed a reduced growth rate and an increase of mortality. After 72 h incubation, doses of 5 and 10 microM Si 34 determined a(More)
Fifty-one acylthioureas (ATUs) incorporating imidazolidine-2-thione or its upper cyclohomologue were prepared by parallel synthesis and evaluated against a high number of human cancer cell lines for antiproliferative activity. ATUs 1o (3,5-dichlorobenzoyl), 1s (2-furoyl), 3s (2-furoyl) and 1t (2-thenoyl) displayed activity against leukemia, melanoma LOX(More)