Silvia S Revelli

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Inoculation of Trypanosoma cruzi, Tulahuén strain, into C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice led to an acute infection characterized by marked parasitaemia, myocardial inflammation and thymocyte depletion. While C57BL/6 mice showed a progressive and lethal disease, BALB/c mice partly recovered. To characterize these murine models more effectively, we studied the(More)
The well-established model of Chagas' disease in "l" rats was used to evaluate the effects of three injections of heat-killed Gordonia bronchialis, Rhodococcus coprophilus or saline on Trypanosoma cruzi parasitaemia and acute and chronic myocarditis, sequelae of the infection. Two vaccinating injections were given prior to challenge with T. cruzi, and the(More)
Previous studies revealed a significant production of inflammatory cytokines together with severe thymic atrophy and thymocyte migratory disturbances during experimental Chagas disease. Migratory activity of thymocytes and mature T cells seem to be finely tuned by cytokines, chemokines and extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Systemic TNF-α is enhanced(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that benznidazole (BZL), known for its antiparasitic action on Trypanosoma cruzi, modulates pro-inflammatory cytokines and NO release in macrophages by inhibiting NF-kappaB. We now proceeded to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which BZL exerts its inhibitory action on NF-kappaB. We demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of(More)
The study of antibody avidity changes during infection has improved the understanding of the pathologic processes involved in several infectious diseases. In some infections, like toxoplasmosis, this information is being used for diagnostic purposes. Results of the evolution of antibody avidity for different specific antigens in Trypanosome cruzi-infected(More)
Because benznidazole (BZL) was found to downregulate nitric oxide (NO) and cytokine synthesis by murine macrophages, we analyzed the potential immunological repercussions of BZL treatment in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected rats. To evaluate whether the effects of BZL were also observed in the presence of an immunostimulating cytokine, four groups of acutely(More)
We examined the effects of recombinant rat interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) injections on the parasitologic, serologic, immunologic and histopathologic features of acute and chronic experimental Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) infections in "l" rats. Upon infection at weaning, two rat groups were allocated to receive a 20-day cycle of IFN-gamma injections, 20,000(More)
Infection with Trypanosoma cruzi in C57BL/6 mice leads to a progressive fatal disease accompanied by thymocyte depletion, which is not related with a higher parasite burden but with increased serum levels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF- alpha). Because this situation may result from an excessive inflammatory syndrome, mice were now given(More)
Earlier work in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice revealed an acute disease, of lethal outcome in the former group and lesser severity in BALB/c mice. Fatal course was not accompanied by an increased parasite load, but by a substantial imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine serum levels. To better characterise the mechanisms(More)
Benznidazole (BZL) is a nitroheterocyclic drug employed in the chemotherapy of Chagas' disease, a protozoan disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Because this parasite mostly replicates in macrophages, we investigated whether BZL was likely to modify the synthesis of macrophage mediators such as nitrite, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-1beta,(More)