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The kidney plays an important role in synthesis, metabolism and elimination of a plethora of hormones. Thus, chronic kidney disease (CKD) naturally progresses with hormonal disorders. This review will focus in emerging evidence regarding the association between CKD-associated disturbances in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and cardiovascular risk(More)
INTRODUCTION Cystatin C (CysC) is a nonglycosylated protein of low molecular weight not influenced by age, sex or inflammation. The aim of this paper is to ascertain the usefulness of serum CysC level determination in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS CysC serum levels were determined in 80 PD patients. The mean age of patients was(More)
Anorexia and malnutrition are common complications and powerful predictors of morbidity and mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Megestrol acetate (MA) is a progestogen that has been demonstrated to increase appetite and weight in patients with cancer or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. To determine whether MA might benefit PD patients, we(More)
Our aim is to study the termination of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and the causes of withdrawal. We have reviewed the prospective protocols of patients with PsA and collected the data on treatments and causes of withdrawal. Fifty-four out of 96 patients (48 male and 48 female) have undergone one or more(More)
BACKGROUND High peritoneal transport has been associated with poorer outcome in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, but not necessarily because of PD-dependent conditions. Our primary objective was to analyse the influences of baseline peritoneal small solute transport and ultrafiltration (UF) capacity on patient and technique survival, after adjusting for(More)
The prevalence of human immunodeficience virus (HIV) infection among patients under renal replacement therapy varies, with estimates of 1% for Europe and 1.5% for the United States. Survival in HIV infected individuals receiving renal replacement therapy has improved since the introduction of high activity antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Current experience(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease, non-CVD causes account for more than 50% of total deaths. We previously showed that, compared with men, women starting dialysis-- both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (PD)--have higher non-CVD(More)
BACKGROUND Prognosis of HIV-infected patients on dialysis has improved. Few studies have compared survival between HIV-infected and HIV-negative patients on dialysis in the combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) era. We compared the outcome of HIV-infected patients on dialysis with a matched HIV-negative cohort. METHODS National, multicenter,(More)